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X-Ray Diffraction from Isolated and Strongly Aligned Gas-Phase Molecules with a Free-Electron Laser

Kuepper, Jochen; Stern, Stephan; Holmegaard, Lotte; Filsinger, Frank; Rouzee, Arnaud; Rudenko, Artem; Johnsson, Per LU ; Martin, Andrew V.; Adolph, Marcus and Aquila, Andrew, et al. (2014) In Physical Review Letters 112(8).
Abstract
We report experimental results on x-ray diffraction of quantum-state-selected and strongly aligned ensembles of the prototypical asymmetric rotor molecule 2,5-diiodobenzonitrile using the Linac Coherent Light Source. The experiments demonstrate first steps toward a new approach to diffractive imaging of distinct structures of individual, isolated gas-phase molecules. We confirm several key ingredients of single molecule diffraction experiments: the abilities to detect and count individual scattered x-ray photons in single shot diffraction data, to deliver state-selected, e.g., structural-isomer-selected, ensembles of molecules to the x-ray interaction volume, and to strongly align the scattering molecules. Our approach, using ultrashort... (More)
We report experimental results on x-ray diffraction of quantum-state-selected and strongly aligned ensembles of the prototypical asymmetric rotor molecule 2,5-diiodobenzonitrile using the Linac Coherent Light Source. The experiments demonstrate first steps toward a new approach to diffractive imaging of distinct structures of individual, isolated gas-phase molecules. We confirm several key ingredients of single molecule diffraction experiments: the abilities to detect and count individual scattered x-ray photons in single shot diffraction data, to deliver state-selected, e.g., structural-isomer-selected, ensembles of molecules to the x-ray interaction volume, and to strongly align the scattering molecules. Our approach, using ultrashort x-ray pulses, is suitable to study ultrafast dynamics of isolated molecules. (Less)
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Physical Review Letters
volume
112
issue
8
publisher
American Physical Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000332168300003
  • scopus:84897741708
ISSN
1079-7114
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.083002
language
English
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yes
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ebf555dd-7884-4dea-a12f-a67bfb13d600 (old id 4417804)
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2014-05-05 11:20:41
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@article{ebf555dd-7884-4dea-a12f-a67bfb13d600,
  abstract     = {We report experimental results on x-ray diffraction of quantum-state-selected and strongly aligned ensembles of the prototypical asymmetric rotor molecule 2,5-diiodobenzonitrile using the Linac Coherent Light Source. The experiments demonstrate first steps toward a new approach to diffractive imaging of distinct structures of individual, isolated gas-phase molecules. We confirm several key ingredients of single molecule diffraction experiments: the abilities to detect and count individual scattered x-ray photons in single shot diffraction data, to deliver state-selected, e.g., structural-isomer-selected, ensembles of molecules to the x-ray interaction volume, and to strongly align the scattering molecules. Our approach, using ultrashort x-ray pulses, is suitable to study ultrafast dynamics of isolated molecules.},
  articleno    = {083002},
  author       = {Kuepper, Jochen and Stern, Stephan and Holmegaard, Lotte and Filsinger, Frank and Rouzee, Arnaud and Rudenko, Artem and Johnsson, Per and Martin, Andrew V. and Adolph, Marcus and Aquila, Andrew and Bajt, Sasa and Barty, Anton and Bostedt, Christoph and Bozek, John and Caleman, Carl and Coffee, Ryan and Coppola, Nicola and Delmas, Tjark and Epp, Sascha and Erk, Benjamin and Foucar, Lutz and Gorkhover, Tais and Gumprecht, Lars and Hartmann, Andreas and Hartmann, Robert and Hauser, Guenter and Holl, Peter and Hoemke, Andre and Kimmel, Nils and Krasniqi, Faton and Kuehnel, Kai-Uwe and Maurer, Jochen and Messerschmidt, Marc and Moshammer, Robert and Reich, Christian and Rudek, Benedikt and Santra, Robin and Schlichting, Ilme and Schmidt, Carlo and Schorb, Sebastian and Schulz, Joachim and Soltau, Heike and Spence, John C. H. and Starodub, Dmitri and Strueder, Lothar and Thogersen, Jan and Vrakking, Marc J. J. and Weidenspointner, Georg and White, Thomas A. and Wunderer, Cornelia and Meijer, Gerard and Ullrich, Joachim and Stapelfeldt, Henrik and Rolles, Daniel and Chapman, Henry N.},
  issn         = {1079-7114},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  publisher    = {American Physical Society},
  series       = {Physical Review Letters},
  title        = {X-Ray Diffraction from Isolated and Strongly Aligned Gas-Phase Molecules with a Free-Electron Laser},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.083002},
  volume       = {112},
  year         = {2014},
}