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A Study of Reproducibility of a Full-Scale Multi-Room Compartment Fire Experiment

Johansson, Nils LU ; Svensson, Stefan LU and Van Hees, Patrick LU (2015) In Fire Technology 51(3). p.645-665
Abstract
A study of 45 pool fire tests is presented in this paper. All tests have been conducted in the same experimental setup but with four different ventilation scenarios. The experimental setup consisted of a three-room compartment connected to a stairway. The tests have been conducted during a 6-year period under slightly different ambient conditions. The purpose of this paper is to study and quantify the reproducibility of these tests with the aim to illustrate the degree of variability that can be expected in this kind of experiment and how the variability is affected by different ventilation scenarios. The 95% confidence interval of the measured temperature rise in the tests covered ±7% to 35% around the mean, depending on place of... (More)
A study of 45 pool fire tests is presented in this paper. All tests have been conducted in the same experimental setup but with four different ventilation scenarios. The experimental setup consisted of a three-room compartment connected to a stairway. The tests have been conducted during a 6-year period under slightly different ambient conditions. The purpose of this paper is to study and quantify the reproducibility of these tests with the aim to illustrate the degree of variability that can be expected in this kind of experiment and how the variability is affected by different ventilation scenarios. The 95% confidence interval of the measured temperature rise in the tests covered ±7% to 35% around the mean, depending on place of measurement and studied scenario. The variation in the results is due to both the variation of different weather conditions and other unknown parameters. It has not been possible to statistically distinguish between these two sources of variation. The data set allows to estimate the effect of random variations in experiments of fire behavior and smoke movement across compartments. The fuel of the pool fires is well defined and the mass loss is known, which makes the data of use in validation of multi-room compartment fire models. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Compartment fires, Reproducibility, Fire dynamics, Functional analysis
in
Fire Technology
volume
51
issue
3
pages
645 - 665
publisher
Kluwer
external identifiers
  • wos:000352854700012
  • scopus:84928377010
ISSN
0015-2684
DOI
10.1007/s10694-014-0408-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f73ead79-c518-47ea-912b-297821202177 (old id 4436492)
date added to LUP
2014-05-20 08:37:25
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:00:39
@article{f73ead79-c518-47ea-912b-297821202177,
  abstract     = {A study of 45 pool fire tests is presented in this paper. All tests have been conducted in the same experimental setup but with four different ventilation scenarios. The experimental setup consisted of a three-room compartment connected to a stairway. The tests have been conducted during a 6-year period under slightly different ambient conditions. The purpose of this paper is to study and quantify the reproducibility of these tests with the aim to illustrate the degree of variability that can be expected in this kind of experiment and how the variability is affected by different ventilation scenarios. The 95% confidence interval of the measured temperature rise in the tests covered ±7% to 35% around the mean, depending on place of measurement and studied scenario. The variation in the results is due to both the variation of different weather conditions and other unknown parameters. It has not been possible to statistically distinguish between these two sources of variation. The data set allows to estimate the effect of random variations in experiments of fire behavior and smoke movement across compartments. The fuel of the pool fires is well defined and the mass loss is known, which makes the data of use in validation of multi-room compartment fire models.},
  author       = {Johansson, Nils and Svensson, Stefan and Van Hees, Patrick},
  issn         = {0015-2684},
  keyword      = {Compartment fires,Reproducibility,Fire dynamics,Functional analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {645--665},
  publisher    = {Kluwer},
  series       = {Fire Technology},
  title        = {A Study of Reproducibility of a Full-Scale Multi-Room Compartment Fire Experiment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-014-0408-3},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2015},
}