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Ethics expertise in political regulation of biomedicine: the need of democratic justification

Hedlund, Maria LU (2014) In Critical Policy Studies
Abstract
This study addresses the problem that democratic polities call for expert advice on normative issues and argues for the need of democratic justification of political use of ethics expertise in regulation of biomedicine. Ethics expertise, expertise in the sys- tematic analysis of moral problems, must not be conflated with moral expertise, expertise in providing the right moral. However, by asking ethics expertise for advice, political decision-makers impose bioethics councils to provide consensus decisions on value questions, which is detrimental to democracy. The article demonstrates how consensus seeking transforms ethics expertise into alleged moral expertise, which precludes the fundamental democratic value of equal respect of all... (More)
This study addresses the problem that democratic polities call for expert advice on normative issues and argues for the need of democratic justification of political use of ethics expertise in regulation of biomedicine. Ethics expertise, expertise in the sys- tematic analysis of moral problems, must not be conflated with moral expertise, expertise in providing the right moral. However, by asking ethics expertise for advice, political decision-makers impose bioethics councils to provide consensus decisions on value questions, which is detrimental to democracy. The article demonstrates how consensus seeking transforms ethics expertise into alleged moral expertise, which precludes the fundamental democratic value of equal respect of all citizens’ right of normative self-determination and to have an equal say in common matters. To be democratically justified, it is necessary that ethics expertise uses its clarifying expertise and provides different possible moral positions for the public and democratically accountable decision-makers to deliberate and decide upon. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
expertise, democracy, ethics, bioethics, consensus
in
Critical Policy Studies
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:84899040568
ISSN
1946-0171
DOI
10.1080/19460171.2014.901174
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f63afc90-e481-4aaa-a368-0a0fe031999e (old id 4446799)
date added to LUP
2014-05-21 10:17:06
date last changed
2017-02-12 03:02:19
@article{f63afc90-e481-4aaa-a368-0a0fe031999e,
  abstract     = {This study addresses the problem that democratic polities call for expert advice on normative issues and argues for the need of democratic justification of political use of ethics expertise in regulation of biomedicine. Ethics expertise, expertise in the sys- tematic analysis of moral problems, must not be conflated with moral expertise, expertise in providing the right moral. However, by asking ethics expertise for advice, political decision-makers impose bioethics councils to provide consensus decisions on value questions, which is detrimental to democracy. The article demonstrates how consensus seeking transforms ethics expertise into alleged moral expertise, which precludes the fundamental democratic value of equal respect of all citizens’ right of normative self-determination and to have an equal say in common matters. To be democratically justified, it is necessary that ethics expertise uses its clarifying expertise and provides different possible moral positions for the public and democratically accountable decision-makers to deliberate and decide upon.},
  author       = {Hedlund, Maria},
  issn         = {1946-0171},
  keyword      = {expertise,democracy,ethics,bioethics,consensus},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Critical Policy Studies},
  title        = {Ethics expertise in political regulation of biomedicine: the need of democratic justification},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19460171.2014.901174},
  year         = {2014},
}