Advanced

A survey-based choice experiment on coca cultivation

Ibanez, M and Carlsson, F (2010) In Journal of Development Economics 93(2). p.249-263
Abstract
From 1997 to 2005, an astonishing 5200 million USD was invested to reduce cocaine production in Colombia, the world's main cocaine producer. However, little is known about the effectiveness of policies targeting coca cultivation. This paper uses a survey-based experiment to evaluate the effects of the two main policies: eradication and alternative development programs. Our results support Becker's (1968) model of crime participation and in addition shed light on other non-monetary factors that affect the coca cultivation decision: religion, legitimacy, remoteness, and poverty are found to be important. We find that coca cultivation is inelastic to increases in perceived risk and relative profit so eradication and alternative development... (More)
From 1997 to 2005, an astonishing 5200 million USD was invested to reduce cocaine production in Colombia, the world's main cocaine producer. However, little is known about the effectiveness of policies targeting coca cultivation. This paper uses a survey-based experiment to evaluate the effects of the two main policies: eradication and alternative development programs. Our results support Becker's (1968) model of crime participation and in addition shed light on other non-monetary factors that affect the coca cultivation decision: religion, legitimacy, remoteness, and poverty are found to be important. We find that coca cultivation is inelastic to increases in perceived risk and relative profit so eradication and alternative development would have a rather small effect on coca cultivation. A simple simulation exercise predicts that investing additional hundred thousand dollars in eradication decreases coca cultivation in only 1.5%. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Illegal drugs, Choice experiment, Colombia, Crime
in
Journal of Development Economics
volume
93
issue
2
pages
249 - 263
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:77955097080
ISSN
0304-3878
DOI
10.1016/j.jdeveco.2009.10.002
project
BECC
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
fdcc5b50-5ea9-4a59-b6d9-1fbb6731f406 (old id 4448752)
date added to LUP
2014-05-23 12:11:30
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:41:48
@article{fdcc5b50-5ea9-4a59-b6d9-1fbb6731f406,
  abstract     = {From 1997 to 2005, an astonishing 5200 million USD was invested to reduce cocaine production in Colombia, the world's main cocaine producer. However, little is known about the effectiveness of policies targeting coca cultivation. This paper uses a survey-based experiment to evaluate the effects of the two main policies: eradication and alternative development programs. Our results support Becker's (1968) model of crime participation and in addition shed light on other non-monetary factors that affect the coca cultivation decision: religion, legitimacy, remoteness, and poverty are found to be important. We find that coca cultivation is inelastic to increases in perceived risk and relative profit so eradication and alternative development would have a rather small effect on coca cultivation. A simple simulation exercise predicts that investing additional hundred thousand dollars in eradication decreases coca cultivation in only 1.5%. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Ibanez, M and Carlsson, F},
  issn         = {0304-3878},
  keyword      = {Illegal drugs,Choice experiment,Colombia,Crime},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {249--263},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Development Economics},
  title        = {A survey-based choice experiment on coca cultivation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2009.10.002},
  volume       = {93},
  year         = {2010},
}