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Stress management in men with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy

Karlson, Björn LU ; Seger, Lena; Österberg, Kai LU ; Åbjörnsson, Gunnel LU and Örbaek, Palle LU (2000) In Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 42(6). p.670-675
Abstract
Stress management was studied in male patients with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy (TE) of types 2A (TE 2A, n = 31) and 2B (TE 2B, n = 26). The patients were compared with a healthy reference group (n = 57). Self-reported symptoms (90-item Symptoms Checklist [SCL-90]), sense of coherence, coping strategies, and level of mastery were measured. As expected, both TE groups reported highly deviating symptoms on most SCL-90 scales. The TE 2B patients, who had objectified cognitive dysfunction, reported more use of passive, less situationally adequate coping strategies; a weaker sense of coherence; and a lower degree of mastery. In contrast, the TE 2A cases showed only minor deviations from the reference group in these respects.... (More)
Stress management was studied in male patients with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy (TE) of types 2A (TE 2A, n = 31) and 2B (TE 2B, n = 26). The patients were compared with a healthy reference group (n = 57). Self-reported symptoms (90-item Symptoms Checklist [SCL-90]), sense of coherence, coping strategies, and level of mastery were measured. As expected, both TE groups reported highly deviating symptoms on most SCL-90 scales. The TE 2B patients, who had objectified cognitive dysfunction, reported more use of passive, less situationally adequate coping strategies; a weaker sense of coherence; and a lower degree of mastery. In contrast, the TE 2A cases showed only minor deviations from the reference group in these respects. The results suggest that having a strong sense of coherence, a sense of mastery, and flexible resources for stress management could be dependent on intact brain functions. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
volume
42
issue
6
pages
670 - 675
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • scopus:0034047893
ISSN
1536-5948
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
302c544b-501d-4df9-8fa9-570235fa62c8 (old id 4451604)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10874661
date added to LUP
2016-01-22 14:21:34
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:56:08
@article{302c544b-501d-4df9-8fa9-570235fa62c8,
  abstract     = {Stress management was studied in male patients with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy (TE) of types 2A (TE 2A, n = 31) and 2B (TE 2B, n = 26). The patients were compared with a healthy reference group (n = 57). Self-reported symptoms (90-item Symptoms Checklist [SCL-90]), sense of coherence, coping strategies, and level of mastery were measured. As expected, both TE groups reported highly deviating symptoms on most SCL-90 scales. The TE 2B patients, who had objectified cognitive dysfunction, reported more use of passive, less situationally adequate coping strategies; a weaker sense of coherence; and a lower degree of mastery. In contrast, the TE 2A cases showed only minor deviations from the reference group in these respects. The results suggest that having a strong sense of coherence, a sense of mastery, and flexible resources for stress management could be dependent on intact brain functions.},
  author       = {Karlson, Björn and Seger, Lena and Österberg, Kai and Åbjörnsson, Gunnel and Örbaek, Palle},
  issn         = {1536-5948},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {670--675},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
  title        = {Stress management in men with solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2000},
}