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Civil Society Influence on International Organizations: Theorizing the State Channel

Pallas, Christopher L and Uhlin, Anders LU (2014) In Journal of Civil Society 10(2). p.1-20
Abstract
The literature on transnational civil society tends to treat civil society organizations CSOs) as independent actors, accomplishing policy change largely through moral force or popular pressure. However, a significant portion of CSO successes in policy advocacy actually utilizes alliances with state actors. To understand the implications of this ‘state channel’ of CSO influence, we develop a new model of CSO use of state influence. We identify four factors that

determine whether the state channel is accessible for CSOs to use and is likely to produce more effective CSO influence than direct CSO engagement with the international organization (IO): the porousness of the targeted states and IOs, the availability of contacts, the... (More)
The literature on transnational civil society tends to treat civil society organizations CSOs) as independent actors, accomplishing policy change largely through moral force or popular pressure. However, a significant portion of CSO successes in policy advocacy actually utilizes alliances with state actors. To understand the implications of this ‘state channel’ of CSO influence, we develop a new model of CSO use of state influence. We identify four factors that

determine whether the state channel is accessible for CSOs to use and is likely to produce more effective CSO influence than direct CSO engagement with the international organization (IO): the porousness of the targeted states and IOs, the availability of contacts, the possibility for alignment of interests, and the relative power of aligned state and IO contacts. We illustrate this theory using four case studies of civil society engagement: two case studies involving the World Bank and two involving the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Our analysis suggests that the factors determining CSOs’ successful use of the state channel currently tend to favour a small

number of well-resourced, reformist CSOs from porous and powerful states. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Civil society organizations, states, international organizations, global governance, democracy, policy-making, advocacy, World Bank, ASEAN
in
Journal of Civil Society
volume
10
issue
2
pages
1 - 20
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:84903648554
ISSN
1744-8689
project
Demokrati bortom nationalstaten? Transnationella aktörer och globala styrformer
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
824021a4-4dec-4b8b-a84f-a6b78f0fc779 (old id 4452108)
alternative location
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17448689.2014.921102#.U4mOdPnV-CU
date added to LUP
2014-06-02 14:54:40
date last changed
2017-07-30 03:02:44
@article{824021a4-4dec-4b8b-a84f-a6b78f0fc779,
  abstract     = {The literature on transnational civil society tends to treat civil society organizations CSOs) as independent actors, accomplishing policy change largely through moral force or popular pressure. However, a significant portion of CSO successes in policy advocacy actually utilizes alliances with state actors. To understand the implications of this ‘state channel’ of CSO influence, we develop a new model of CSO use of state influence. We identify four factors that<br/><br>
determine whether the state channel is accessible for CSOs to use and is likely to produce more effective CSO influence than direct CSO engagement with the international organization (IO): the porousness of the targeted states and IOs, the availability of contacts, the possibility for alignment of interests, and the relative power of aligned state and IO contacts. We illustrate this theory using four case studies of civil society engagement: two case studies involving the World Bank and two involving the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Our analysis suggests that the factors determining CSOs’ successful use of the state channel currently tend to favour a small<br/><br>
number of well-resourced, reformist CSOs from porous and powerful states.},
  author       = {Pallas, Christopher L and Uhlin, Anders},
  issn         = {1744-8689},
  keyword      = {Civil society organizations,states,international organizations,global governance,democracy,policy-making,advocacy,World Bank,ASEAN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {1--20},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Journal of Civil Society},
  title        = {Civil Society Influence on International Organizations: Theorizing the State Channel},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2014},
}