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The Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE) : an overview of operated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark

Magnusson, Gunilla; Haargaard, Birgitte; Basit, Saima; Lundvall, Anna; Nyström, Alf LU ; Rosensvärd, Annika and Tornqvist, Kristina LU (2018) In Acta Ophthalmologica 96(1). p.51-55
Abstract

Aim: To report basic epidemiological data concerning surgically treated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark. Methods: Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), a binational, web-based surgical register representing Sweden and Denmark. All children operated before 8 years of age between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013 were included. Age-specific prevalence per 100 000 population was calculated. Results: A total 574 operations in 213 boys (51.7%) and 199 girls (48.3%), altogether 412 children, were registered, the vast majority (n = 395/412; 95.9%) being individuals with congenital/infantile cataract. Of these 412, a total of 294 (147 boys and 147 girls) were Swedish and 118 (66 boys and 52 girls) were... (More)

Aim: To report basic epidemiological data concerning surgically treated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark. Methods: Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), a binational, web-based surgical register representing Sweden and Denmark. All children operated before 8 years of age between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013 were included. Age-specific prevalence per 100 000 population was calculated. Results: A total 574 operations in 213 boys (51.7%) and 199 girls (48.3%), altogether 412 children, were registered, the vast majority (n = 395/412; 95.9%) being individuals with congenital/infantile cataract. Of these 412, a total of 294 (147 boys and 147 girls) were Swedish and 118 (66 boys and 52 girls) were Danish. The age-specific prevalence of operated cataract in Sweden was 31/100 000 and in Denmark 28/100 000. In 454 of 574 eyes (79.1%), the cataract was dense. Altogether, 266 of 574 (46.3%) were operated during the first year of life, 193 during the first 12 weeks representing 33.6% of all operations. A primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation was done in altogether 411 of 574 eyes (71,6%). In total, 210 unilateral cataract operations (210/574; 36.6%) were performed. Persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) was present in 64 of 193 (33.1%) of those with a congenital unilateral cataract. In 84 individuals (84/395; 21.3%) with congenital or infantile cataract, a coexisting disorder was found. Conclusion: The age-specific binational prevalence of operated congenital/infantile cataract in Sweden and Denmark is 30/100 000. About half of the operations are performed within the first year of life, one-third within the first 3 months. In our study population, a primary IOL was implanted in the majority of cases.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
congenital cataract, epidemiology, intraocular lens, paediatric cataract
in
Acta Ophthalmologica
volume
96
issue
1
pages
51 - 55
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85040821905
ISSN
1755-375X
DOI
10.1111/aos.13497
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
44577574-d7e2-4dd3-9f5c-d60d8af6f6c1
date added to LUP
2018-02-06 12:36:54
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:28:09
@article{44577574-d7e2-4dd3-9f5c-d60d8af6f6c1,
  abstract     = {<p>Aim: To report basic epidemiological data concerning surgically treated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark. Methods: Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), a binational, web-based surgical register representing Sweden and Denmark. All children operated before 8 years of age between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013 were included. Age-specific prevalence per 100 000 population was calculated. Results: A total 574 operations in 213 boys (51.7%) and 199 girls (48.3%), altogether 412 children, were registered, the vast majority (n = 395/412; 95.9%) being individuals with congenital/infantile cataract. Of these 412, a total of 294 (147 boys and 147 girls) were Swedish and 118 (66 boys and 52 girls) were Danish. The age-specific prevalence of operated cataract in Sweden was 31/100 000 and in Denmark 28/100 000. In 454 of 574 eyes (79.1%), the cataract was dense. Altogether, 266 of 574 (46.3%) were operated during the first year of life, 193 during the first 12 weeks representing 33.6% of all operations. A primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation was done in altogether 411 of 574 eyes (71,6%). In total, 210 unilateral cataract operations (210/574; 36.6%) were performed. Persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) was present in 64 of 193 (33.1%) of those with a congenital unilateral cataract. In 84 individuals (84/395; 21.3%) with congenital or infantile cataract, a coexisting disorder was found. Conclusion: The age-specific binational prevalence of operated congenital/infantile cataract in Sweden and Denmark is 30/100 000. About half of the operations are performed within the first year of life, one-third within the first 3 months. In our study population, a primary IOL was implanted in the majority of cases.</p>},
  author       = {Magnusson, Gunilla and Haargaard, Birgitte and Basit, Saima and Lundvall, Anna and Nyström, Alf and Rosensvärd, Annika and Tornqvist, Kristina},
  issn         = {1755-375X},
  keyword      = {congenital cataract,epidemiology,intraocular lens,paediatric cataract},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {51--55},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Ophthalmologica},
  title        = {The Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE) : an overview of operated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.13497},
  volume       = {96},
  year         = {2018},
}