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Adaptive control of radiator systems for a lowest possible district heating return temperature

Lauenburg, Patrick LU and Wollerstrand, Janusz LU (2014) In Energy and Buildings 72. p.132-140
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

The present paper describes how the control of a radiator system connected to a district heating (DH) network via a heat exchanger can be optimized to provide the lowest possible DH return temperature. This can be achieved for each operating point by employing an optimal combination of radiator circuit supply temperature and circulation flow rate. The control algorithm gradually modifies the control curve for the radiator circuit, enabling it consistently to provide an optimal cooling of the DH water. Since the heat exchanger is dimensioned for very low outdoor temperatures, it is oversized for smaller heat loads. In addition, radiator systems are often oversized due to safety margins. Such facts... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

The present paper describes how the control of a radiator system connected to a district heating (DH) network via a heat exchanger can be optimized to provide the lowest possible DH return temperature. This can be achieved for each operating point by employing an optimal combination of radiator circuit supply temperature and circulation flow rate. The control algorithm gradually modifies the control curve for the radiator circuit, enabling it consistently to provide an optimal cooling of the DH water. Since the heat exchanger is dimensioned for very low outdoor temperatures, it is oversized for smaller heat loads. In addition, radiator systems are often oversized due to safety margins. Such facts render it possible to reduce the DH return temperature. The objective of the present study was to develop a control algorithm and to test it in practice. A description is here given of the algorithm, and, additionally, of field tests that were undertaken to practically verify it. The adaptive control method could be implemented in any modern radiator circuit control logics, and the achieved improvement was an added 2 degrees C district heating water cooling, resulting in a 3.5 per cent reduction in average district heating flow. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Adaptive control, Radiator system, Space heating, Improved cooling, District heating, Return temperature
in
Energy and Buildings
volume
72
pages
132 - 140
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000335877200016
  • scopus:84892973387
ISSN
1872-6178
DOI
10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.12.011
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6441ab59-7157-43fb-ab80-59dd37747f83 (old id 4463829)
date added to LUP
2014-06-19 11:08:00
date last changed
2017-10-01 03:24:01
@article{6441ab59-7157-43fb-ab80-59dd37747f83,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
The present paper describes how the control of a radiator system connected to a district heating (DH) network via a heat exchanger can be optimized to provide the lowest possible DH return temperature. This can be achieved for each operating point by employing an optimal combination of radiator circuit supply temperature and circulation flow rate. The control algorithm gradually modifies the control curve for the radiator circuit, enabling it consistently to provide an optimal cooling of the DH water. Since the heat exchanger is dimensioned for very low outdoor temperatures, it is oversized for smaller heat loads. In addition, radiator systems are often oversized due to safety margins. Such facts render it possible to reduce the DH return temperature. The objective of the present study was to develop a control algorithm and to test it in practice. A description is here given of the algorithm, and, additionally, of field tests that were undertaken to practically verify it. The adaptive control method could be implemented in any modern radiator circuit control logics, and the achieved improvement was an added 2 degrees C district heating water cooling, resulting in a 3.5 per cent reduction in average district heating flow. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Lauenburg, Patrick and Wollerstrand, Janusz},
  issn         = {1872-6178},
  keyword      = {Adaptive control,Radiator system,Space heating,Improved cooling,District heating,Return temperature},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {132--140},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy and Buildings},
  title        = {Adaptive control of radiator systems for a lowest possible district heating return temperature},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.12.011},
  volume       = {72},
  year         = {2014},
}