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Structure and function of learning flights in bees and wasps

Zeil, Jochen; Kelber, Almut LU and Voss, Rüdiger (1996) In Journal of Experimental Biology 199. p.245-252
Abstract
Bees and wasps perform systematic flight manoevres

when they leave their nest or a foodplace, during which

they acquire or update their visual memory of the goal

location. In a typical learning flight, the insect backs away

from the goal in a series of arcs that are roughly centred

on the goal. The mean rate of turning is rather constant

and tends to balance the angular speed at which the arc is

described. As a result, the insect views the goal at relatively

fixed retinal positions in its left and right visual field,

depending on flight direction. The general direction in

which the insect backs away from the goal and the

transition from one... (More)
Bees and wasps perform systematic flight manoevres

when they leave their nest or a foodplace, during which

they acquire or update their visual memory of the goal

location. In a typical learning flight, the insect backs away

from the goal in a series of arcs that are roughly centred

on the goal. The mean rate of turning is rather constant

and tends to balance the angular speed at which the arc is

described. As a result, the insect views the goal at relatively

fixed retinal positions in its left and right visual field,

depending on flight direction. The general direction in

which the insect backs away from the goal and the

transition from one arc segment to the next are influenced

by the local scene and by compass cues. Insects returning

to the goal repeat some of the flight manoeuvres of their

preceding learning flights. Their orientation in space and

the retinal positions at which they view nearby landmarks

are similar. One important function of learning flights

appears to be the acquisition of visual depth information.

We review the consequences of the structure of learning

flights for visual information processing and discuss how

they may relate to the acquisition of a visual representation

and the task of pinpointing the goal. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Experimental Biology
volume
199
pages
245 - 252
publisher
The Company of Biologists Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:0001581933
ISSN
1477-9145
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
9a1c4b47-204f-4756-ab81-13e9b9f5f96d (old id 4465942)
date added to LUP
2014-06-16 11:26:39
date last changed
2017-07-23 03:44:46
@article{9a1c4b47-204f-4756-ab81-13e9b9f5f96d,
  abstract     = {Bees and wasps perform systematic flight manoevres<br/><br>
when they leave their nest or a foodplace, during which<br/><br>
they acquire or update their visual memory of the goal<br/><br>
location. In a typical learning flight, the insect backs away<br/><br>
from the goal in a series of arcs that are roughly centred<br/><br>
on the goal. The mean rate of turning is rather constant<br/><br>
and tends to balance the angular speed at which the arc is<br/><br>
described. As a result, the insect views the goal at relatively<br/><br>
fixed retinal positions in its left and right visual field,<br/><br>
depending on flight direction. The general direction in<br/><br>
which the insect backs away from the goal and the<br/><br>
transition from one arc segment to the next are influenced<br/><br>
by the local scene and by compass cues. Insects returning<br/><br>
to the goal repeat some of the flight manoeuvres of their<br/><br>
preceding learning flights. Their orientation in space and<br/><br>
the retinal positions at which they view nearby landmarks<br/><br>
are similar. One important function of learning flights<br/><br>
appears to be the acquisition of visual depth information.<br/><br>
We review the consequences of the structure of learning<br/><br>
flights for visual information processing and discuss how<br/><br>
they may relate to the acquisition of a visual representation<br/><br>
and the task of pinpointing the goal.},
  author       = {Zeil, Jochen and Kelber, Almut and Voss, Rüdiger},
  issn         = {1477-9145},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {245--252},
  publisher    = {The Company of Biologists Ltd},
  series       = {Journal of Experimental Biology},
  title        = {Structure and function of learning flights in bees and wasps},
  volume       = {199},
  year         = {1996},
}