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CFD and experimental studies of room fire growth on wall lining materials

Yan, Zhenghua LU and Holmstedt, Göran LU (1996) In Fire Safety Journal 27(3). p.201-238
Abstract
CFD simulation and experimental tests have been carried out to study the room corner fire growth on combustible wall-lining materials. In the CFD simulation, the turbulent mass and heat transfer, and combustion were considered. The discrete transfer (DT) method was employed to calculate the radiation with an absorptivity and emissivity model employed to predict the radiation property of combustion products including soot, CO2 and H2O, which are usually the primary radiating species in the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. The temperature of the solid boundary was determined by numerical solution of the heat conduction equation. A simple and practical pyrolysis model was developed to describe the response of the solid fuel. This pyrolysis... (More)
CFD simulation and experimental tests have been carried out to study the room corner fire growth on combustible wall-lining materials. In the CFD simulation, the turbulent mass and heat transfer, and combustion were considered. The discrete transfer (DT) method was employed to calculate the radiation with an absorptivity and emissivity model employed to predict the radiation property of combustion products including soot, CO2 and H2O, which are usually the primary radiating species in the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. The temperature of the solid boundary was determined by numerical solution of the heat conduction equation. A simple and practical pyrolysis model was developed to describe the response of the solid fuel. This pyrolysis model was first tested against the Cone Calorimeter data for both charring and non-charring materials under different irradiance levels and then coupled to CFD calculations. Both full and one-third scale room corner fire growths on particle board were modelled with CFD. The calculation was tested with various numbers of rays and grid sizes, showing that the present choice gives practically grid- and ray number-independent predictions. The heat release rate, wall surface temperature, char depth, gas temperature and radiation flux are compared with experimental measurements. The results are reasonable and the comparison between prediction and experiment is fairly good and promising. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Fires, Calorimeters, Combustion, Computational fluid dynamics, Heat conduction, Heat radiation, Heat transfer, Pyrolysis, Temperature
in
Fire Safety Journal
volume
27
issue
3
pages
201 - 238
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0030260388
ISSN
0379-7112
DOI
10.1016/S0379-7112(96)00044-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fc439499-777b-4b63-9e55-3585d4e9b523 (old id 4468326)
date added to LUP
2014-06-18 16:04:14
date last changed
2017-04-02 03:59:27
@article{fc439499-777b-4b63-9e55-3585d4e9b523,
  abstract     = {CFD simulation and experimental tests have been carried out to study the room corner fire growth on combustible wall-lining materials. In the CFD simulation, the turbulent mass and heat transfer, and combustion were considered. The discrete transfer (DT) method was employed to calculate the radiation with an absorptivity and emissivity model employed to predict the radiation property of combustion products including soot, CO2 and H2O, which are usually the primary radiating species in the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. The temperature of the solid boundary was determined by numerical solution of the heat conduction equation. A simple and practical pyrolysis model was developed to describe the response of the solid fuel. This pyrolysis model was first tested against the Cone Calorimeter data for both charring and non-charring materials under different irradiance levels and then coupled to CFD calculations. Both full and one-third scale room corner fire growths on particle board were modelled with CFD. The calculation was tested with various numbers of rays and grid sizes, showing that the present choice gives practically grid- and ray number-independent predictions. The heat release rate, wall surface temperature, char depth, gas temperature and radiation flux are compared with experimental measurements. The results are reasonable and the comparison between prediction and experiment is fairly good and promising.},
  author       = {Yan, Zhenghua and Holmstedt, Göran},
  issn         = {0379-7112},
  keyword      = {Fires,Calorimeters,Combustion,Computational fluid dynamics,Heat conduction,Heat radiation,Heat transfer,Pyrolysis,Temperature},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {201--238},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Fire Safety Journal},
  title        = {CFD and experimental studies of room fire growth on wall lining materials},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0379-7112(96)00044-6},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {1996},
}