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Influence of weather variables on methane and carbon dioxide flux from a shallow pond

Natchimuthu, Sivakiruthika; Panneer Selvam, Balathandayuthabani LU and Bastviken, David (2014) In Biogeochemistry 119(1-3). p.403-413
Abstract
Freshwaters are important sources of the greenhouse gases methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Knowledge about temporal variability in these fluxes is very limited, yet critical for proper study design and evaluating flux data. Further, to understand the reasons for the variability and allow predictive modeling, the temporal variability has to be related to relevant environmental variables. Here we analyzed the effect of weather variables on CH4 and CO2 flux from a small shallow pond during a period of 4 months. Mean CH4 flux and surface water CH4 concentration were 8.0 [3.3-15.1] +/- A 3.1 mmol m(-2) day(-1) (mean [range] +/- A 1 SD) and 1.3 [0.3-3.5] +/- A 0.9 A mu M respectively. Mean CO2 flux was 1.1 [-9.8 to 16.0]... (More)
Freshwaters are important sources of the greenhouse gases methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Knowledge about temporal variability in these fluxes is very limited, yet critical for proper study design and evaluating flux data. Further, to understand the reasons for the variability and allow predictive modeling, the temporal variability has to be related to relevant environmental variables. Here we analyzed the effect of weather variables on CH4 and CO2 flux from a small shallow pond during a period of 4 months. Mean CH4 flux and surface water CH4 concentration were 8.0 [3.3-15.1] +/- A 3.1 mmol m(-2) day(-1) (mean [range] +/- A 1 SD) and 1.3 [0.3-3.5] +/- A 0.9 A mu M respectively. Mean CO2 flux was 1.1 [-9.8 to 16.0] +/- A 6.9 mmol m(-2) day(-1). Substantial diel changes in CO2 flux and surface water CH4 concentration were observed during detailed measurements over a 24 h cycle. Thus diel patterns need to be accounted for in future measurements. Significant positive correlations of CH4 emissions with temperature were found and could include both direct temperature effects as well as indirect effects (e.g. related to the growth season and macrophyte primary productivity providing organic substrates). CO2 flux on the other hand was negatively correlated to temperature and solar radiation, presumably because CO2 consumption by plants was higher relative to CO2 production by respiration during warm sunny days. Interestingly, CH4 fluxes were comparable to ponds with similar morphometry and macrophyte abundance in the tropics. We therefore hypothesize that CH4 and CO2 summer emissions from ponds could be more related to the morphometry and dominating primary producers rather than latitude per se. Data indicate that CH4 emissions, given the system characteristic frameworks, is positively affected by increased temperatures or prolonged growth seasons. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
CH4 flux, CO2 flux, Surface water CH4 concentration, Pond, Diel, variability, Weather, Temperature
in
Biogeochemistry
volume
119
issue
1-3
pages
403 - 413
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000336028400026
  • scopus:84900824749
ISSN
1573-515X
DOI
10.1007/s10533-014-9976-z
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
61d46008-58e8-417d-a12d-5d03889cf5aa (old id 4469801)
date added to LUP
2014-06-19 09:08:10
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:22:35
@article{61d46008-58e8-417d-a12d-5d03889cf5aa,
  abstract     = {Freshwaters are important sources of the greenhouse gases methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Knowledge about temporal variability in these fluxes is very limited, yet critical for proper study design and evaluating flux data. Further, to understand the reasons for the variability and allow predictive modeling, the temporal variability has to be related to relevant environmental variables. Here we analyzed the effect of weather variables on CH4 and CO2 flux from a small shallow pond during a period of 4 months. Mean CH4 flux and surface water CH4 concentration were 8.0 [3.3-15.1] +/- A 3.1 mmol m(-2) day(-1) (mean [range] +/- A 1 SD) and 1.3 [0.3-3.5] +/- A 0.9 A mu M respectively. Mean CO2 flux was 1.1 [-9.8 to 16.0] +/- A 6.9 mmol m(-2) day(-1). Substantial diel changes in CO2 flux and surface water CH4 concentration were observed during detailed measurements over a 24 h cycle. Thus diel patterns need to be accounted for in future measurements. Significant positive correlations of CH4 emissions with temperature were found and could include both direct temperature effects as well as indirect effects (e.g. related to the growth season and macrophyte primary productivity providing organic substrates). CO2 flux on the other hand was negatively correlated to temperature and solar radiation, presumably because CO2 consumption by plants was higher relative to CO2 production by respiration during warm sunny days. Interestingly, CH4 fluxes were comparable to ponds with similar morphometry and macrophyte abundance in the tropics. We therefore hypothesize that CH4 and CO2 summer emissions from ponds could be more related to the morphometry and dominating primary producers rather than latitude per se. Data indicate that CH4 emissions, given the system characteristic frameworks, is positively affected by increased temperatures or prolonged growth seasons.},
  author       = {Natchimuthu, Sivakiruthika and Panneer Selvam, Balathandayuthabani and Bastviken, David},
  issn         = {1573-515X},
  keyword      = {CH4 flux,CO2 flux,Surface water CH4 concentration,Pond,Diel,variability,Weather,Temperature},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-3},
  pages        = {403--413},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Biogeochemistry},
  title        = {Influence of weather variables on methane and carbon dioxide flux from a shallow pond},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10533-014-9976-z},
  volume       = {119},
  year         = {2014},
}