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Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings

Ronchi, Enrico LU and Nilsson, Daniel LU (2014) In SpringerBriefs in Fire
Abstract
This SpringerBrief focuses on the use of egress models to assess the optimal strategy for total evacuation in high-rise buildings. It investigates occupant relocation and evacuation strategies involving the exit stairs, elevators, sky bridges and combinations thereof. Chapters review existing information on this topic and describe case study simulations of a multi-component exit strategy. This review provides the architectural design, regulatory and research communities with a thorough understanding of the current and emerging evacuation procedures and possible future options. A model case study simulates seven possible strategies for the total evacuation of two identical twin towers linked with two sky-bridges at different heights. The... (More)
This SpringerBrief focuses on the use of egress models to assess the optimal strategy for total evacuation in high-rise buildings. It investigates occupant relocation and evacuation strategies involving the exit stairs, elevators, sky bridges and combinations thereof. Chapters review existing information on this topic and describe case study simulations of a multi-component exit strategy. This review provides the architectural design, regulatory and research communities with a thorough understanding of the current and emerging evacuation procedures and possible future options. A model case study simulates seven possible strategies for the total evacuation of two identical twin towers linked with two sky-bridges at different heights. The authors present the layout of the building and the available egress components including both vertical and horizontal egress components, namely stairs, occupant evacuation elevators (OEEs), service elevators, transfer floors and sky-bridges. The evacuation strategies employ a continuous spatial representation evacuation model (Pathfinder) and are cross-validated by a fine network model (STEPS). Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings is intended for practitioners as a tool for analyzing evacuation methods and efficient exit strategies. Researchers working in architecture and fire safety will also find the book valuable. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Book/Report
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Building structure, Case study simulations, Elevators, Evacuation safety, Evacuation systems, Exit stairs, Exit strategy, High rise building, fire safety, Tall building safety
in
SpringerBriefs in Fire
pages
51 pages
publisher
Springer
ISSN
2193-6595
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4939-1074-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6b73e955-d52a-4f16-a96c-e7ec6ae50685 (old id 4519534)
date added to LUP
2014-07-03 10:41:01
date last changed
2016-07-11 08:58:24
@book{6b73e955-d52a-4f16-a96c-e7ec6ae50685,
  abstract     = {This SpringerBrief focuses on the use of egress models to assess the optimal strategy for total evacuation in high-rise buildings. It investigates occupant relocation and evacuation strategies involving the exit stairs, elevators, sky bridges and combinations thereof. Chapters review existing information on this topic and describe case study simulations of a multi-component exit strategy. This review provides the architectural design, regulatory and research communities with a thorough understanding of the current and emerging evacuation procedures and possible future options. A model case study simulates seven possible strategies for the total evacuation of two identical twin towers linked with two sky-bridges at different heights. The authors present the layout of the building and the available egress components including both vertical and horizontal egress components, namely stairs, occupant evacuation elevators (OEEs), service elevators, transfer floors and sky-bridges. The evacuation strategies employ a continuous spatial representation evacuation model (Pathfinder) and are cross-validated by a fine network model (STEPS). Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings is intended for practitioners as a tool for analyzing evacuation methods and efficient exit strategies. Researchers working in architecture and fire safety will also find the book valuable.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Nilsson, Daniel},
  issn         = {2193-6595},
  keyword      = {Building structure,Case study simulations,Elevators,Evacuation safety,Evacuation systems,Exit stairs,Exit strategy,High rise building,fire safety,Tall building safety},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {51},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {SpringerBriefs in Fire},
  title        = {Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1074-8},
  year         = {2014},
}