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The validation of evacuation simulation models through the analysis of behavioural uncertainty

Lovreglio, Ruggiero; Ronchi, Enrico LU and Borri, Dino (2014) In Reliability Engineering & System Safety 131. p.166-174
Abstract
Both experimental and simulation data on fire evacuation are influenced by a component of uncertainty caused by the impact of the unexplained variance in human behaviour, namely behavioural uncertainty (BU). Evacuation model validation studies should include the study of this type of uncertainty during the comparison of experiments and simulation results. An evacuation model validation procedure is introduced in this paper to study the impact of BU. This methodology is presented through a case study for the comparison between repeated experimental data and simulation results produced by FDS+Evac, an evacuation model for the simulation of human behaviour in fire, which makes use of distribution laws.
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Evacuation modelling, Model validation, Behavioural uncertainty, Evacuation experiments, FDS+Evac
in
Reliability Engineering & System Safety
volume
131
pages
166 - 174
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000341466500016
  • scopus:84904980891
ISSN
0951-8320
DOI
10.1016/j.ress.2014.07.007
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
34127cd6-8cee-4f2d-8524-3eb066570ef3 (old id 4580930)
date added to LUP
2014-07-31 11:36:59
date last changed
2017-09-03 04:14:20
@article{34127cd6-8cee-4f2d-8524-3eb066570ef3,
  abstract     = {Both experimental and simulation data on fire evacuation are influenced by a component of uncertainty caused by the impact of the unexplained variance in human behaviour, namely behavioural uncertainty (BU). Evacuation model validation studies should include the study of this type of uncertainty during the comparison of experiments and simulation results. An evacuation model validation procedure is introduced in this paper to study the impact of BU. This methodology is presented through a case study for the comparison between repeated experimental data and simulation results produced by FDS+Evac, an evacuation model for the simulation of human behaviour in fire, which makes use of distribution laws.},
  author       = {Lovreglio, Ruggiero and Ronchi, Enrico and Borri, Dino},
  issn         = {0951-8320},
  keyword      = {Evacuation modelling,Model validation,Behavioural uncertainty,Evacuation experiments,FDS+Evac},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {166--174},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Reliability Engineering & System Safety},
  title        = {The validation of evacuation simulation models through the analysis of behavioural uncertainty},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2014.07.007},
  volume       = {131},
  year         = {2014},
}