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Social influence on route choice in a virtual reality tunnel fire

Kinateder, Max; Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Gromer, Daniel; Müller, Mathias; Jost, Michael; Nehfischer, Markus; Mühlberger, Andreas and Pauli, Paul (2014) In Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 26(A). p.116-125
Abstract
Introduction

Evacuation from tunnel fire emergencies requires quick decision-making and swift action from the tunnel occupants. Social influence (SI) has been identified as an important factor in evacuation.



Methods

Two experimental groups were immersed into a virtual road tunnel fire. In the SI group participants saw a virtual agent moving on the shortest route to the nearest emergency exit. In the control group, participants were alone. Destination and exit choices were analyzed using functional analysis and inferential statistics.



Results

SI affected route choice during evacuation but not destination choice: There were no group differences regarding destination choice.... (More)
Introduction

Evacuation from tunnel fire emergencies requires quick decision-making and swift action from the tunnel occupants. Social influence (SI) has been identified as an important factor in evacuation.



Methods

Two experimental groups were immersed into a virtual road tunnel fire. In the SI group participants saw a virtual agent moving on the shortest route to the nearest emergency exit. In the control group, participants were alone. Destination and exit choices were analyzed using functional analysis and inferential statistics.



Results

SI affected route choice during evacuation but not destination choice: There were no group differences regarding destination choice. Participants in the SI group were more likely to choose a route similar to the virtual agent. Participants in the control group were more likely to choose a longer route along the tunnel walls.



Discussion

Social influence does not only affect behavior activation but also more subtle choices, such as route choice, during evacuation. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Fire evacuation, Social influence, Travel paths, Tunnel fire, Virtual reality, Functional analysis, Region of interest analysis
in
Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
volume
26
issue
A
pages
116 - 125
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000345807100011
  • scopus:84905492907
ISSN
1369-8478
DOI
10.1016/j.trf.2014.06.003
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5c4e9dbd-6fc3-4913-92c9-1408d61a9704 (old id 4584216)
date added to LUP
2014-08-04 09:57:47
date last changed
2017-07-30 03:00:14
@article{5c4e9dbd-6fc3-4913-92c9-1408d61a9704,
  abstract     = {Introduction<br/><br>
Evacuation from tunnel fire emergencies requires quick decision-making and swift action from the tunnel occupants. Social influence (SI) has been identified as an important factor in evacuation.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Methods<br/><br>
Two experimental groups were immersed into a virtual road tunnel fire. In the SI group participants saw a virtual agent moving on the shortest route to the nearest emergency exit. In the control group, participants were alone. Destination and exit choices were analyzed using functional analysis and inferential statistics.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Results<br/><br>
SI affected route choice during evacuation but not destination choice: There were no group differences regarding destination choice. Participants in the SI group were more likely to choose a route similar to the virtual agent. Participants in the control group were more likely to choose a longer route along the tunnel walls.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Discussion<br/><br>
Social influence does not only affect behavior activation but also more subtle choices, such as route choice, during evacuation.},
  author       = {Kinateder, Max and Ronchi, Enrico and Gromer, Daniel and Müller, Mathias and Jost, Michael and Nehfischer, Markus and Mühlberger, Andreas and Pauli, Paul},
  issn         = {1369-8478},
  keyword      = {Fire evacuation,Social influence,Travel paths,Tunnel fire,Virtual reality,Functional analysis,Region of interest analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {A},
  pages        = {116--125},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour},
  title        = {Social influence on route choice in a virtual reality tunnel fire},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2014.06.003},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2014},
}