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Faith or Social Foci? Happiness, Religion, and Social Networks in Sweden

Edling, Christofer LU ; Rydgren, Jens and Bohman, Love (2014) In European Sociological Review 30(5). p.615-626
Abstract
In this article, we study 19-year-olds in Sweden (n = 2,942) with and without an immigration background (Iran, Yugoslavia, and Sweden). We follow-up on a recent study, which shows that religion and happiness tend to be positively associated at the individual level only in countries with high aggregate levels of religiosity and proposes that what affects happiness is not religiosity per se but conformity to the standard in one’s country. We take these results a step further and study the relationship between religion and happiness across immigrant groups that have significantly different experiences of religion. Are we more likely to find a positive association between religion and happiness among young Swedes with parents born in Iran and... (More)
In this article, we study 19-year-olds in Sweden (n = 2,942) with and without an immigration background (Iran, Yugoslavia, and Sweden). We follow-up on a recent study, which shows that religion and happiness tend to be positively associated at the individual level only in countries with high aggregate levels of religiosity and proposes that what affects happiness is not religiosity per se but conformity to the standard in one’s country. We take these results a step further and study the relationship between religion and happiness across immigrant groups that have significantly different experiences of religion. Are we more likely to find a positive association between religion and happiness among young Swedes with parents born in Iran and Yugoslavia than among those with two Sweden-born parents? And do these associations depend on their sense of affiliation with Sweden? We argue that there are strong theoretical reasons to assume that previous results also apply to the observed association between religious networks and happiness, and we study to what extent previous results can be generalized to societies like Sweden, which has a very low aggregate level of religiosity, and whether that effect differs by immigration background. The results show that religion and religiousness per se have little impact on happiness. In particular, we find that social networks tend to be positively associated with happiness, and that this effect is driven by co-organizational membership among friends. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Social networks, happiness, religion
in
European Sociological Review
volume
30
issue
5
pages
615 - 626
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000343329200005
  • scopus:84931440312
ISSN
0266-7215
DOI
10.1093/esr/jcu062
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3b5b12a4-e668-4a9b-b156-f9fc4b757c93 (old id 4585811)
date added to LUP
2014-08-08 15:32:34
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:09:06
@article{3b5b12a4-e668-4a9b-b156-f9fc4b757c93,
  abstract     = {In this article, we study 19-year-olds in Sweden (n = 2,942) with and without an immigration background (Iran, Yugoslavia, and Sweden). We follow-up on a recent study, which shows that religion and happiness tend to be positively associated at the individual level only in countries with high aggregate levels of religiosity and proposes that what affects happiness is not religiosity per se but conformity to the standard in one’s country. We take these results a step further and study the relationship between religion and happiness across immigrant groups that have significantly different experiences of religion. Are we more likely to find a positive association between religion and happiness among young Swedes with parents born in Iran and Yugoslavia than among those with two Sweden-born parents? And do these associations depend on their sense of affiliation with Sweden? We argue that there are strong theoretical reasons to assume that previous results also apply to the observed association between religious networks and happiness, and we study to what extent previous results can be generalized to societies like Sweden, which has a very low aggregate level of religiosity, and whether that effect differs by immigration background. The results show that religion and religiousness per se have little impact on happiness. In particular, we find that social networks tend to be positively associated with happiness, and that this effect is driven by co-organizational membership among friends.},
  author       = {Edling, Christofer and Rydgren, Jens and Bohman, Love},
  issn         = {0266-7215},
  keyword      = {Social networks,happiness,religion},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {615--626},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {European Sociological Review},
  title        = {Faith or Social Foci? Happiness, Religion, and Social Networks in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcu062},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2014},
}