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Dual phylogenetic origins of Nigerian lions (Panthera leo)

Tende, Talatu LU ; Bensch, Staffan LU ; Ottosson, Ulf LU and Hansson, Bengt LU (2014) In Ecology and Evolution 4(13). p.2668-2674
Abstract
Lion fecal DNA extracts from four individuals each from Yankari Game Reserve and Kainji-Lake National Park (central northeast and west Nigeria, respectively) were Sanger-sequenced for the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. The sequences were aligned against 61 lion reference sequences from other parts of Africa and India. The sequence data were analyzed further for the construction of phylogenetic trees using the maximum-likelihood approach to depict phylogenetic patterns of distribution among sequences. Our results show that Nigerian lions grouped together with lions from West and Central Africa. At the smaller geographical scale, lions from Kainji-Lake National Park in western Nigeria grouped with lions from Benin (located west of... (More)
Lion fecal DNA extracts from four individuals each from Yankari Game Reserve and Kainji-Lake National Park (central northeast and west Nigeria, respectively) were Sanger-sequenced for the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. The sequences were aligned against 61 lion reference sequences from other parts of Africa and India. The sequence data were analyzed further for the construction of phylogenetic trees using the maximum-likelihood approach to depict phylogenetic patterns of distribution among sequences. Our results show that Nigerian lions grouped together with lions from West and Central Africa. At the smaller geographical scale, lions from Kainji-Lake National Park in western Nigeria grouped with lions from Benin (located west of Nigeria), whereas lions from Yankari Game Reserve in central northeastern Nigeria grouped with the lion populations in Cameroon (located east of Nigeria). The finding that the two remaining lion populations in Nigeria have different phylogenetic origins is an important aspect to consider in future decisions regarding management and conservation of rapidly shrinking lion populations in West Africa. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Dual origins, fecal DNA, Nigerian lions, Sanger sequencing
in
Ecology and Evolution
volume
4
issue
13
pages
2668 - 2674
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000339494900005
  • pmid:25077018
  • scopus:84903977978
ISSN
2045-7758
DOI
10.1002/ece3.1116
project
BECC
Conservation of threatened populations
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b38bbd81-f113-4ec1-820d-279608afc929 (old id 4590731)
date added to LUP
2014-09-03 09:54:51
date last changed
2017-04-23 03:51:49
@article{b38bbd81-f113-4ec1-820d-279608afc929,
  abstract     = {Lion fecal DNA extracts from four individuals each from Yankari Game Reserve and Kainji-Lake National Park (central northeast and west Nigeria, respectively) were Sanger-sequenced for the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. The sequences were aligned against 61 lion reference sequences from other parts of Africa and India. The sequence data were analyzed further for the construction of phylogenetic trees using the maximum-likelihood approach to depict phylogenetic patterns of distribution among sequences. Our results show that Nigerian lions grouped together with lions from West and Central Africa. At the smaller geographical scale, lions from Kainji-Lake National Park in western Nigeria grouped with lions from Benin (located west of Nigeria), whereas lions from Yankari Game Reserve in central northeastern Nigeria grouped with the lion populations in Cameroon (located east of Nigeria). The finding that the two remaining lion populations in Nigeria have different phylogenetic origins is an important aspect to consider in future decisions regarding management and conservation of rapidly shrinking lion populations in West Africa.},
  author       = {Tende, Talatu and Bensch, Staffan and Ottosson, Ulf and Hansson, Bengt},
  issn         = {2045-7758},
  keyword      = {Dual origins,fecal DNA,Nigerian lions,Sanger sequencing},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {2668--2674},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Ecology and Evolution},
  title        = {Dual phylogenetic origins of Nigerian lions (Panthera leo)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1116},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2014},
}