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Decreased Platelet Counts and Serum Levels of VEGF-A, PDGF-BB, and BDNF in Extremely Preterm Infants Developing Severe ROP

Hellgren, Gunnel ; Lundgren, Pia LU ; Pivodic, Aldina ; Löfqvist, Chatarina ; Nilsson, Anders K. ; Ley, David LU ; Sävman, Karin ; Smith, Lois E. and Hellström, Ann LU (2021) In Neonatology 118(1). p.18-27
Abstract

Introduction: Thrombocytopenia has been identified as an independent risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), although underlying mechanisms are unknown. In this study, the association of platelet count and serum platelet-derived factors with ROP was investigated. Methods: Data for 78 infants born at gestational age (GA) <28 weeks were included. Infants were classified as having no/mild ROP or severe ROP. Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor A, platelet-derived growth factor BB, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor were measured in serum samples collected from birth until postmenstrual age (PMA) 40 weeks. Platelet counts were obtained from samples taken for clinical indication. Results: Postnatal platelet... (More)

Introduction: Thrombocytopenia has been identified as an independent risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), although underlying mechanisms are unknown. In this study, the association of platelet count and serum platelet-derived factors with ROP was investigated. Methods: Data for 78 infants born at gestational age (GA) <28 weeks were included. Infants were classified as having no/mild ROP or severe ROP. Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor A, platelet-derived growth factor BB, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor were measured in serum samples collected from birth until postmenstrual age (PMA) 40 weeks. Platelet counts were obtained from samples taken for clinical indication. Results: Postnatal platelet counts and serum concentrations of the 3 growth factors followed the same postnatal pattern, with lower levels in infants developing severe ROP at PMA 32 and 36 weeks (p < 0.05-0.001). With adjustment for GA, low platelet counts and low serum concentrations of all 3 factors at PMA 32 weeks were significantly associated with severe ROP. Serum concentrations of all 3 factors also strongly correlated with platelet count (p < 0.001). Conclusion: In this article, we show that ROP, platelet counts, and specific pro-angiogenic factors correlate. These data suggest that platelet-released factors might be involved in the regulation of retinal and systemic angiogenesis after extremely preterm birth. Further investigations are needed.

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author
; ; ; ; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Neonatology
volume
118
issue
1
pages
10 pages
publisher
Karger
external identifiers
  • scopus:85101760954
  • pmid:33611321
ISSN
1661-7800
DOI
10.1159/000512282
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
45c79c93-c3e5-47a6-92d7-97ba5c32b6b2
date added to LUP
2022-03-03 16:53:17
date last changed
2024-06-13 10:57:27
@article{45c79c93-c3e5-47a6-92d7-97ba5c32b6b2,
  abstract     = {{<p>Introduction: Thrombocytopenia has been identified as an independent risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), although underlying mechanisms are unknown. In this study, the association of platelet count and serum platelet-derived factors with ROP was investigated. Methods: Data for 78 infants born at gestational age (GA) &lt;28 weeks were included. Infants were classified as having no/mild ROP or severe ROP. Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor A, platelet-derived growth factor BB, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor were measured in serum samples collected from birth until postmenstrual age (PMA) 40 weeks. Platelet counts were obtained from samples taken for clinical indication. Results: Postnatal platelet counts and serum concentrations of the 3 growth factors followed the same postnatal pattern, with lower levels in infants developing severe ROP at PMA 32 and 36 weeks (p &lt; 0.05-0.001). With adjustment for GA, low platelet counts and low serum concentrations of all 3 factors at PMA 32 weeks were significantly associated with severe ROP. Serum concentrations of all 3 factors also strongly correlated with platelet count (p &lt; 0.001). Conclusion: In this article, we show that ROP, platelet counts, and specific pro-angiogenic factors correlate. These data suggest that platelet-released factors might be involved in the regulation of retinal and systemic angiogenesis after extremely preterm birth. Further investigations are needed.</p>}},
  author       = {{Hellgren, Gunnel and Lundgren, Pia and Pivodic, Aldina and Löfqvist, Chatarina and Nilsson, Anders K. and Ley, David and Sävman, Karin and Smith, Lois E. and Hellström, Ann}},
  issn         = {{1661-7800}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{18--27}},
  publisher    = {{Karger}},
  series       = {{Neonatology}},
  title        = {{Decreased Platelet Counts and Serum Levels of VEGF-A, PDGF-BB, and BDNF in Extremely Preterm Infants Developing Severe ROP}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000512282}},
  doi          = {{10.1159/000512282}},
  volume       = {{118}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}