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Traditional Farming Landscapes for Sustainable Living in Scandinavia and Japan: Global Revival Through the Satoyama Initiative

Berglund, Björn LU ; Kitagawa, Junko; Lageras, Per; Nakamura, Koji; Sasaki, Naoko and Yasuda, Yoshinori (2014) In Ambio 43(5). p.559-578
Abstract
Traditional, pre-industrial farming was adapted to the natural environment-topography, geology, hydrology, climate, and biota. Traditional land use systems are still to be traced in Scandinavia as an "infield/outland landscape", and in Japan as a "Satoyama landscape." There are obvious similarities and differences in land use-the main difference being that pasturing of cattle and sheep has been less important in Japan. These land use systems can be traced back to early sedentary settlements 1500-2500 years ago. In both regions, traditional management almost ceased in the mid-twentieth century leading to afforestation and decreased biological diversity. Today, there is in Japan a growing movement for landscape restoration and promotion of a... (More)
Traditional, pre-industrial farming was adapted to the natural environment-topography, geology, hydrology, climate, and biota. Traditional land use systems are still to be traced in Scandinavia as an "infield/outland landscape", and in Japan as a "Satoyama landscape." There are obvious similarities and differences in land use-the main difference being that pasturing of cattle and sheep has been less important in Japan. These land use systems can be traced back to early sedentary settlements 1500-2500 years ago. In both regions, traditional management almost ceased in the mid-twentieth century leading to afforestation and decreased biological diversity. Today, there is in Japan a growing movement for landscape restoration and promotion of a sustainable living countryside based on local agrarian and forestry production, local energy, tourism, etc. With this background, the so-called Satoyama Initiative has been organized and introduced as a global socio-ecological project with ecosystem services for human well-being. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Agrarian land use history, Satoyama landscape, Infield/outland, Nature, restoration, Biodiversity changes, Deforestation history
in
Ambio
volume
43
issue
5
pages
559 - 578
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:24700088
  • wos:000340591400002
  • scopus:84906313042
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1007/s13280-014-0499-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a28577a4-3db0-4af5-a085-58ab32d0ef1f (old id 4648871)
date added to LUP
2014-09-24 08:38:50
date last changed
2017-05-28 03:53:06
@article{a28577a4-3db0-4af5-a085-58ab32d0ef1f,
  abstract     = {Traditional, pre-industrial farming was adapted to the natural environment-topography, geology, hydrology, climate, and biota. Traditional land use systems are still to be traced in Scandinavia as an "infield/outland landscape", and in Japan as a "Satoyama landscape." There are obvious similarities and differences in land use-the main difference being that pasturing of cattle and sheep has been less important in Japan. These land use systems can be traced back to early sedentary settlements 1500-2500 years ago. In both regions, traditional management almost ceased in the mid-twentieth century leading to afforestation and decreased biological diversity. Today, there is in Japan a growing movement for landscape restoration and promotion of a sustainable living countryside based on local agrarian and forestry production, local energy, tourism, etc. With this background, the so-called Satoyama Initiative has been organized and introduced as a global socio-ecological project with ecosystem services for human well-being.},
  author       = {Berglund, Björn and Kitagawa, Junko and Lageras, Per and Nakamura, Koji and Sasaki, Naoko and Yasuda, Yoshinori},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  keyword      = {Agrarian land use history,Satoyama landscape,Infield/outland,Nature,restoration,Biodiversity changes,Deforestation history},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {559--578},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Traditional Farming Landscapes for Sustainable Living in Scandinavia and Japan: Global Revival Through the Satoyama Initiative},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-014-0499-6},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2014},
}