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Development and Application of Laser Diagnostics for Studies of Phenomena Related to IC Engine Combustion

Juhlin, Greger LU (2003) In LRCP 90.
Abstract
Various laser diagnostic techniques have been developed and demonstrated for engine, or engine-related measurements. The experimental work is presented in Chapter 3 and in Papers I-VII.



In Chapter 3, imaging of soot in a running compression-ignition (CI) is described. Four different approaches were applied with the aim of investigating the applicability of these approaches in a running engine.



In Paper I, Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) was applied in a running spark ignition (SI) engine for measurements of the fuel concentration and homogeneity in the vicinity of the spark gap prior to ignition. The aim was to find out how the fuel distribution influences the cycle-to-cycle variations of the... (More)
Various laser diagnostic techniques have been developed and demonstrated for engine, or engine-related measurements. The experimental work is presented in Chapter 3 and in Papers I-VII.



In Chapter 3, imaging of soot in a running compression-ignition (CI) is described. Four different approaches were applied with the aim of investigating the applicability of these approaches in a running engine.



In Paper I, Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) was applied in a running spark ignition (SI) engine for measurements of the fuel concentration and homogeneity in the vicinity of the spark gap prior to ignition. The aim was to find out how the fuel distribution influences the cycle-to-cycle variations of the engine.



In Paper II, PLIF of water was applied in a running engine to investigate the influence of residual gases in the vicinity of the spark gap prior to ignition.



In Paper III is reported a basic investigation of the potential of PLIF for the study of water as a marker for residual gas in engines. Special care was taken in studying the effects of a focused laser beam in combination with a two-photon transition which arises in the excitation of water at 248 nm.



In Paper IV is described how a combination of PLIF and spontaneous Raman scattering can be used for simultaneous imaging of vapour and liquid phase water.



In Paper V, the application of PLIF to investigate the emissions of hydrocarbons in the exhaust of small two-stroke engines is described. Cycle-resolved, 2D measurements were conducted in order to find out when, during the stroke, the hydrocarbons are emitted. Cycle-resolved spectral measurements gave information on the species emitted at different crank angle positions.



In Paper VI is demonstrated how phosphor thermometry can be applied to measure the temperature of a falling water droplet.



Finally, in Paper VII, phosphor thermometry was applied to perform two-dimensional surface temperature measurements in a running optically accessible engine. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Olika laserbaserade mätmetoder för diagnostik av förbränningsmotorrelaterade fenomen har utvecklats och demonstrerats, såväl utanför som i motorer. Följande områden har studerats: -Inverkan av inhomogen bränsle-/luftblandning på cykel-till-cykelvariationer hos förbränningen i en otto-motor studerad genom laserinducerad fluorescens (LIF) på bränslet. -Restgasers inverkan på cykel-till-cykel-variationer hos förbränningen i en otto-motor genom avbildning av vattenkoncentration med LIF. Tekniken har även demonstrerats i en förbränningsbomb. -Samtidig avbildning av vatten i vätske- och ångfas runt en fallande droppe genom kombination av LIF (ångfas) och Ramanspridning (vätskefas). -Mätning av... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Olika laserbaserade mätmetoder för diagnostik av förbränningsmotorrelaterade fenomen har utvecklats och demonstrerats, såväl utanför som i motorer. Följande områden har studerats: -Inverkan av inhomogen bränsle-/luftblandning på cykel-till-cykelvariationer hos förbränningen i en otto-motor studerad genom laserinducerad fluorescens (LIF) på bränslet. -Restgasers inverkan på cykel-till-cykel-variationer hos förbränningen i en otto-motor genom avbildning av vattenkoncentration med LIF. Tekniken har även demonstrerats i en förbränningsbomb. -Samtidig avbildning av vatten i vätske- och ångfas runt en fallande droppe genom kombination av LIF (ångfas) och Ramanspridning (vätskefas). -Mätning av förekomst av oförbränt bränsle i avgasporten hos en högvarvig tvåtaktsmotor. Även avbildande mätning av var i porten kolväten förekommer utfördes. -Mätning av temperatur hos en fallande vattendroppe genom LIF på termografiska fosforer. -Avbildning av yttemperatur i förbränningsrummet i en direktinsprutad otto-motor genom LIF på termografiska fosforer. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Dr Hentschel, Werner, Volkswagen, Wolfsburg, Germany
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Motors and propulsion systems, framdrivningssystem, Motorer, Laser technology, Laserteknik, Fysicumarkivet A:2003:Juhlin
in
LRCP
volume
90
pages
192 pages
publisher
Greger Juhlin, Scania CV AB, SE-151 87 Södertälje, Sweden,
defense location
Lecture room B, Fysicum, Sölvegatan 14, Lund Institute of Technology
defense date
2003-12-12 10:15:00
ISSN
1102-8718
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
Article: Paper I“Investigations of the Influence of Mixture Preparation on Cyclic Variations in a SI-Engine, Using Laser Induced Fluorescence” SAE 950108Bengt Johansson, Hans Neij, Marcus Aldén, and Greger JuhlinPresented at the 1995 SAE International Congress & Exposition, Detroit MI. USA Article: Paper II“Residual Gas Visualization with Laser Induced Fluorescence” SAE 952463Bengt Johansson, Hans Neij, Greger Juhlin, and Marcus AldénPresented at the 1995 Fall SAE Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exposition, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Article: Paper III”Planar laser-induced fluorescence of H2O to study the influence of residual gases on cycle-to-cycle variations in SI engines”Greger Juhlin, Michel Versluis, Hans Neij, Bengt Johansson, and Marcus AldénComb. Sci. and Tech., Vol. 132, pp. 75-97, 1998 Article: Paper IV”Two-Dimensional Two-Phase Water Detection Using A Tunable Excimer Laser”Michel Versluis, Greger Juhlin, Öivind Andersson, and Marcus AldénApplied Spectroscopy, Volume 52, Number 3, pp. 343-347 1998 Article: Paper V”Crank Angle Resolved HC-Detection Using LIF in the Exhausts of Small Two-Stroke Engines Running at High Engine Speed” SAE 961927Öivind Andersson, Greger Juhlin, Martin Ekenberg, Bengt Johansson, and Marcus AldénPresented at the 1996 Fall SAE Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exposition, San Antonio, Texas, USA Article: Paper VI“Temperature measurements of single droplets using laser-induced phosphorescence”Alaa Omrane, Greger Juhlin, Frederik Ossler, and Marcus AldénSubmitted for publication in Applied Optics Article: Paper VII“Demonstration of two-dimensional temperature characterization of valves and transparent piston in a GDI optical engine”Alaa Omrane, Greger Juhlin, Marcus Aldén, Göran Josefsson, Johan Engström, and Timothy BenhamSubmitted for presentation at the SAE World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit MI. March 2004
id
c7608219-8dce-420b-8863-f8d0fc4872b5 (old id 466483)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 15:52:44
date last changed
2019-05-21 15:12:35
@phdthesis{c7608219-8dce-420b-8863-f8d0fc4872b5,
  abstract     = {Various laser diagnostic techniques have been developed and demonstrated for engine, or engine-related measurements. The experimental work is presented in Chapter 3 and in Papers I-VII.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Chapter 3, imaging of soot in a running compression-ignition (CI) is described. Four different approaches were applied with the aim of investigating the applicability of these approaches in a running engine.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Paper I, Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) was applied in a running spark ignition (SI) engine for measurements of the fuel concentration and homogeneity in the vicinity of the spark gap prior to ignition. The aim was to find out how the fuel distribution influences the cycle-to-cycle variations of the engine.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Paper II, PLIF of water was applied in a running engine to investigate the influence of residual gases in the vicinity of the spark gap prior to ignition.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Paper III is reported a basic investigation of the potential of PLIF for the study of water as a marker for residual gas in engines. Special care was taken in studying the effects of a focused laser beam in combination with a two-photon transition which arises in the excitation of water at 248 nm.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Paper IV is described how a combination of PLIF and spontaneous Raman scattering can be used for simultaneous imaging of vapour and liquid phase water.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Paper V, the application of PLIF to investigate the emissions of hydrocarbons in the exhaust of small two-stroke engines is described. Cycle-resolved, 2D measurements were conducted in order to find out when, during the stroke, the hydrocarbons are emitted. Cycle-resolved spectral measurements gave information on the species emitted at different crank angle positions.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Paper VI is demonstrated how phosphor thermometry can be applied to measure the temperature of a falling water droplet.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Finally, in Paper VII, phosphor thermometry was applied to perform two-dimensional surface temperature measurements in a running optically accessible engine.},
  author       = {Juhlin, Greger},
  issn         = {1102-8718},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Greger Juhlin, Scania CV AB, SE-151 87 Södertälje, Sweden,},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {LRCP},
  title        = {Development and Application of Laser Diagnostics for Studies of Phenomena Related to IC Engine Combustion},
  volume       = {90},
  year         = {2003},
}