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Spectroscopic Studies of Isomers Produced in Relativistic Projectile Fragmentation and In-Flight Fission

Mineva, Milena LU (2004)
Abstract
This thesis is based on a number of experiments performed at the FRagment Separator (FRS) at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany, in which heavy-ion reactions at relativistic energies have been used to produce nuclei far from stability.



In April 1999 projectile fragmentation of <sup>208</sup>Pb at 1 GeV/nucleon was used to study so called K-isomers in the neutron-rich isotopes of Lu (Z=71) to Hg (Z=80). In December 1999, December 2001 and July 2002 neutron-rich nuclei in the <sup>132</sup>Sn region were produced in projectile fission of <sup>238</sup>U at an energy of 732-750 MeV/nucleon.



The major aim of the work was the search... (More)
This thesis is based on a number of experiments performed at the FRagment Separator (FRS) at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany, in which heavy-ion reactions at relativistic energies have been used to produce nuclei far from stability.



In April 1999 projectile fragmentation of <sup>208</sup>Pb at 1 GeV/nucleon was used to study so called K-isomers in the neutron-rich isotopes of Lu (Z=71) to Hg (Z=80). In December 1999, December 2001 and July 2002 neutron-rich nuclei in the <sup>132</sup>Sn region were produced in projectile fission of <sup>238</sup>U at an energy of 732-750 MeV/nucleon.



The major aim of the work was the search for isomeric levels and the understanding of their properties based on the experimental observables and theoretical calculations. A number of new isomeric states has been populated and their lifetime measured. Other important goals were to investigave how this type of isomer studies could be optimized from an experimental point of view, and to obtain a better understanding of the role of collective nuclear properties in the reaction mechanisms involved. Indeed, this work provides the first systematic study of angular momentum population in in-flight fission. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Professor Azaiez, Faycal, Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Orsay, France
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Projectile fragmentation, nuclear structure, isomeric states, lifetimes, production rates, Kärnfysik, isomeric ratios, Nuclear physics, Fysicumarkivet A:000, in-flight fission
pages
120 pages
defense location
Lecture Hall B, Department of Physics
defense date
2004-09-17 13:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUNFD6/(NFFR-1025)/1-120/(2004)
ISBN
91-628-6143-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1811e99b-2b3c-45fe-9038-1398aecf9216 (old id 467217)
date added to LUP
2007-09-28 12:27:39
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:19
@phdthesis{1811e99b-2b3c-45fe-9038-1398aecf9216,
  abstract     = {This thesis is based on a number of experiments performed at the FRagment Separator (FRS) at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany, in which heavy-ion reactions at relativistic energies have been used to produce nuclei far from stability.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In April 1999 projectile fragmentation of &lt;sup&gt;208&lt;/sup&gt;Pb at 1 GeV/nucleon was used to study so called K-isomers in the neutron-rich isotopes of Lu (Z=71) to Hg (Z=80). In December 1999, December 2001 and July 2002 neutron-rich nuclei in the &lt;sup&gt;132&lt;/sup&gt;Sn region were produced in projectile fission of &lt;sup&gt;238&lt;/sup&gt;U at an energy of 732-750 MeV/nucleon.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The major aim of the work was the search for isomeric levels and the understanding of their properties based on the experimental observables and theoretical calculations. A number of new isomeric states has been populated and their lifetime measured. Other important goals were to investigave how this type of isomer studies could be optimized from an experimental point of view, and to obtain a better understanding of the role of collective nuclear properties in the reaction mechanisms involved. Indeed, this work provides the first systematic study of angular momentum population in in-flight fission.},
  author       = {Mineva, Milena},
  isbn         = {91-628-6143-3},
  keyword      = {Projectile fragmentation,nuclear structure,isomeric states,lifetimes,production rates,Kärnfysik,isomeric ratios,Nuclear physics,Fysicumarkivet A:000,in-flight fission},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {120},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Spectroscopic Studies of Isomers Produced in Relativistic Projectile Fragmentation and In-Flight Fission},
  year         = {2004},
}