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Assessing the Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models

Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Kuligowski, Erica D.; Nilsson, Daniel LU ; Peacock, Richard D. and Reneke, Paul A. (2016) In Fire Technology 52(1). p.197-219
Abstract
To date there is no International standard on the verification and validation (V&V) of building fire evacuation models, i.e., model testers adopt inconsistent procedures or tests designed for other model uses. For instance, the tests presented within the MSC/Circ.1238 Guidelines for evacuation analysis for new and existing passenger ships provided by the International Maritime Organization are often employed for the V&V of models outside their original context of use (building fires instead of maritime applications). This paper presents a list of verification tests for component testing and the analysis of emergent behaviours together with examples of experimental data-sets suitable for the analysis of different core components.... (More)
To date there is no International standard on the verification and validation (V&V) of building fire evacuation models, i.e., model testers adopt inconsistent procedures or tests designed for other model uses. For instance, the tests presented within the MSC/Circ.1238 Guidelines for evacuation analysis for new and existing passenger ships provided by the International Maritime Organization are often employed for the V&V of models outside their original context of use (building fires instead of maritime applications). This paper presents a list of verification tests for component testing and the analysis of emergent behaviours together with examples of experimental data-sets suitable for the analysis of different core components. The capabilities of building fire evacuation models are evaluated by studying their five main core components, namely (1) pre-evacuation time, (2) movement and navigation, (3) exit usage, (4) route availability and (5) flow constraints. This paper discusses the tests which are included in a freely available Technical Note developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. This work is intended to open a discussion on the main issues associated with the definition of a standard procedure for the V&V of building fire evacuation models, including the definition of the acceptance criteria of a standard V&V protocol. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Verification, Validation, Evacuation, Modelling, Human behaviour in fire, Building fires
in
Fire Technology
volume
52
issue
1
pages
197 - 219
publisher
Kluwer
external identifiers
  • wos:000368714700010
  • scopus:84955722057
ISSN
0015-2684
DOI
10.1007/s10694-014-0432-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
37bb1a0a-b58a-43c5-84e5-901ad309bf68 (old id 4690507)
date added to LUP
2014-09-30 11:47:56
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:07:47
@article{37bb1a0a-b58a-43c5-84e5-901ad309bf68,
  abstract     = {To date there is no International standard on the verification and validation (V&V) of building fire evacuation models, i.e., model testers adopt inconsistent procedures or tests designed for other model uses. For instance, the tests presented within the MSC/Circ.1238 Guidelines for evacuation analysis for new and existing passenger ships provided by the International Maritime Organization are often employed for the V&V of models outside their original context of use (building fires instead of maritime applications). This paper presents a list of verification tests for component testing and the analysis of emergent behaviours together with examples of experimental data-sets suitable for the analysis of different core components. The capabilities of building fire evacuation models are evaluated by studying their five main core components, namely (1) pre-evacuation time, (2) movement and navigation, (3) exit usage, (4) route availability and (5) flow constraints. This paper discusses the tests which are included in a freely available Technical Note developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. This work is intended to open a discussion on the main issues associated with the definition of a standard procedure for the V&V of building fire evacuation models, including the definition of the acceptance criteria of a standard V&V protocol.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Kuligowski, Erica D. and Nilsson, Daniel and Peacock, Richard D. and Reneke, Paul A.},
  issn         = {0015-2684},
  keyword      = {Verification,Validation,Evacuation,Modelling,Human behaviour in fire,Building fires},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {197--219},
  publisher    = {Kluwer},
  series       = {Fire Technology},
  title        = {Assessing the Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-014-0432-3},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2016},
}