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Association between sensory function and hop performance and self-reported outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury.

Cronström, Anna LU ; Roos, Ewa M. and Ageberg, Eva LU (2017) In Open access journal of sports medicine p.1-8
Abstract (Swedish)
BACKGROUND:
In patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency (ACLD) or reconstruction (ACLR), sensory deficits are commonly assessed as knee kinesthesia using time-consuming laboratory equipment. Portable equipment such as that used for evaluation of vibration sense would be preferable. In contrast to kinesthesia, vibration sense is not well studied in these patients.

OBJECTIVES:
1) To study the association between kinesthesia and vibration sense to investigate if one sensory measurement can replace the other; and 2) to determine the clinical relevance by investigating associations between the sensory measurements and functional performance and patient-reported outcomes in patients with ACLD or ACLR.

... (More)
BACKGROUND:
In patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency (ACLD) or reconstruction (ACLR), sensory deficits are commonly assessed as knee kinesthesia using time-consuming laboratory equipment. Portable equipment such as that used for evaluation of vibration sense would be preferable. In contrast to kinesthesia, vibration sense is not well studied in these patients.

OBJECTIVES:
1) To study the association between kinesthesia and vibration sense to investigate if one sensory measurement can replace the other; and 2) to determine the clinical relevance by investigating associations between the sensory measurements and functional performance and patient-reported outcomes in patients with ACLD or ACLR.

METHODS:
Twenty patients with ACLD and 33 patients with ACLR were assessed with knee kinesthesia, vibration sense, the one-leg hop test for distance, as well as the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the Tegner Activity Scale.

RESULTS:
There were no significant correlations between kinesthesia and vibration sense (r= -0.267, p>0.269) or between the sensory measures and hop performance (r= -0.351, p>0.199). In patients with ACLD, worse knee kinesthesia was associated with worse scores on KOOS subscales pain (r= -0.464, p=0.046) and activities of daily living (r= -0.491, p=0.033), and worse vibration sense was associated with worse scores on KOOS subscale quality of life (r= -0.469, p=0.037) and worse knee confidence (item Q3 from subscale quality of life) (rs=0.436, p=0.054). In patients with ACLR, worse vibration sense was associated with worse scores on KOOS subscales pain (r= -0.402, p=0.020) and activities of daily living (r= -0.385, p=0.027).

CONCLUSION:
Kinesthesia and vibration sense cannot be used interchangeably as measures of sensory function in patients with ACLD or ACLR. Both sensory measurements were weakly related to hop performance. Adequate sensory function appears to have importance for perceived function in patients with ACLD or ACLR and may therefore be a factor that needs to be addressed in rehabilitation programs for these patients. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Open access journal of sports medicine
issue
8
pages
1 - 8
external identifiers
  • pmid:28176927
  • wos:000399936200001
ISSN
1179-1543
DOI
10.2147/OAJSM.S120058
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
4702c6f2-f206-4ae5-bcc0-d45a8e3c24ac
date added to LUP
2018-01-03 11:14:21
date last changed
2018-01-16 13:28:49
@article{4702c6f2-f206-4ae5-bcc0-d45a8e3c24ac,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND:<br>
In patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency (ACLD) or reconstruction (ACLR), sensory deficits are commonly assessed as knee kinesthesia using time-consuming laboratory equipment. Portable equipment such as that used for evaluation of vibration sense would be preferable. In contrast to kinesthesia, vibration sense is not well studied in these patients.<br>
<br>
OBJECTIVES:<br>
1) To study the association between kinesthesia and vibration sense to investigate if one sensory measurement can replace the other; and 2) to determine the clinical relevance by investigating associations between the sensory measurements and functional performance and patient-reported outcomes in patients with ACLD or ACLR.<br>
<br>
METHODS:<br>
Twenty patients with ACLD and 33 patients with ACLR were assessed with knee kinesthesia, vibration sense, the one-leg hop test for distance, as well as the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the Tegner Activity Scale.<br>
<br>
RESULTS:<br>
There were no significant correlations between kinesthesia and vibration sense (r= -0.267, p&gt;0.269) or between the sensory measures and hop performance (r= -0.351, p&gt;0.199). In patients with ACLD, worse knee kinesthesia was associated with worse scores on KOOS subscales pain (r= -0.464, p=0.046) and activities of daily living (r= -0.491, p=0.033), and worse vibration sense was associated with worse scores on KOOS subscale quality of life (r= -0.469, p=0.037) and worse knee confidence (item Q3 from subscale quality of life) (rs=0.436, p=0.054). In patients with ACLR, worse vibration sense was associated with worse scores on KOOS subscales pain (r= -0.402, p=0.020) and activities of daily living (r= -0.385, p=0.027).<br>
<br>
CONCLUSION:<br>
Kinesthesia and vibration sense cannot be used interchangeably as measures of sensory function in patients with ACLD or ACLR. Both sensory measurements were weakly related to hop performance. Adequate sensory function appears to have importance for perceived function in patients with ACLD or ACLR and may therefore be a factor that needs to be addressed in rehabilitation programs for these patients.},
  author       = {Cronström, Anna and Roos, Ewa M. and Ageberg, Eva},
  issn         = {1179-1543},
  language     = {swe},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1--8},
  series       = {Open access journal of sports medicine},
  title        = {Association between sensory function and hop performance and self-reported outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAJSM.S120058},
  year         = {2017},
}