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Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use (NMPDU) in the Swedish General Population-Correlates of Analgesic and Sedative Use.

Abrahamsson, Tove LU and Håkansson, Anders C LU (2015) In Substance Use & Misuse 50(2). p.148-155
Abstract
Background: Nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) is a growing problem in many countries. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to report correlates of and compare different subtypes of NMPDU in the Swedish general population. Methods: Data were drawn from a Swedish national household survey conducted in 2008-2009. A stratified sample of 58,000 individuals aged 15 to 64 was randomly selected, with a response rate of 38.3%. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was used to compare sociodemographic, substance use, and health correlates of nonmedical analgesic use, nonmedical sedative use, and combined nonmedical use of these two types of prescription drugs. Results: In the final logistic regression model, all three patterns of... (More)
Background: Nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) is a growing problem in many countries. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to report correlates of and compare different subtypes of NMPDU in the Swedish general population. Methods: Data were drawn from a Swedish national household survey conducted in 2008-2009. A stratified sample of 58,000 individuals aged 15 to 64 was randomly selected, with a response rate of 38.3%. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was used to compare sociodemographic, substance use, and health correlates of nonmedical analgesic use, nonmedical sedative use, and combined nonmedical use of these two types of prescription drugs. Results: In the final logistic regression model, all three patterns of NMPDU were equally associated with female gender, hazardous alcohol use, habitual smoking and cannabis use, but there were several significant differences in other demographic, health, and drug use correlates between the groups. Conclusions/Importance: Nonmedical use of prescription analgesics, prescription sedatives and combined nonmedical use of these drugs might constitute clinically distinct subgroups of NMPDU. This study is one of few to report correlates of NMPDU from a large, national household survey in a country other than the United States. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Substance Use & Misuse
volume
50
issue
2
pages
148 - 155
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:25295596
  • wos:000345899900002
  • scopus:84915779354
ISSN
1532-2491
DOI
10.3109/10826084.2014.962047
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
14401aef-a89a-48fc-94ec-6ca89e844a44 (old id 4737322)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25295596?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2014-11-06 19:37:43
date last changed
2017-07-30 03:22:26
@article{14401aef-a89a-48fc-94ec-6ca89e844a44,
  abstract     = {Background: Nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) is a growing problem in many countries. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to report correlates of and compare different subtypes of NMPDU in the Swedish general population. Methods: Data were drawn from a Swedish national household survey conducted in 2008-2009. A stratified sample of 58,000 individuals aged 15 to 64 was randomly selected, with a response rate of 38.3%. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was used to compare sociodemographic, substance use, and health correlates of nonmedical analgesic use, nonmedical sedative use, and combined nonmedical use of these two types of prescription drugs. Results: In the final logistic regression model, all three patterns of NMPDU were equally associated with female gender, hazardous alcohol use, habitual smoking and cannabis use, but there were several significant differences in other demographic, health, and drug use correlates between the groups. Conclusions/Importance: Nonmedical use of prescription analgesics, prescription sedatives and combined nonmedical use of these drugs might constitute clinically distinct subgroups of NMPDU. This study is one of few to report correlates of NMPDU from a large, national household survey in a country other than the United States.},
  author       = {Abrahamsson, Tove and Håkansson, Anders C},
  issn         = {1532-2491},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {148--155},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Substance Use & Misuse},
  title        = {Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use (NMPDU) in the Swedish General Population-Correlates of Analgesic and Sedative Use.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.962047},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2015},
}