Advanced

Management of natural resources in a conflicting environment in Ghana: unmasking a messy policy problem

Armah, Frederick A.; Luginaah, Isaac; Tambang, Yengoh Genesis LU ; Taabazuing, Joseph and Yawson, David O. (2014) In Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 57(11). p.1724-1745
Abstract
Resource use conflict is an enduring problem for science and policy making. Using in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with resource users, policy makers and key informants, we explored four case examples of resource use conflict within lands and forestry, fisheries, oil and the mining sectors in Ghana. Results indicate that resource use conflict consists of a complex, non-linear system of balancing and reinforcing feedback loops that recur across resource sectors. The conflicts are difficult to clearly define, have many interdependencies and are multi-causal. Specifically, dysfunctional policy, commoditisation of land, infringement on rights of users, shift from communal to private land ownership, renegotiation of rights, and... (More)
Resource use conflict is an enduring problem for science and policy making. Using in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with resource users, policy makers and key informants, we explored four case examples of resource use conflict within lands and forestry, fisheries, oil and the mining sectors in Ghana. Results indicate that resource use conflict consists of a complex, non-linear system of balancing and reinforcing feedback loops that recur across resource sectors. The conflicts are difficult to clearly define, have many interdependencies and are multi-causal. Specifically, dysfunctional policy, commoditisation of land, infringement on rights of users, shift from communal to private land ownership, renegotiation of rights, and unclear roles and responsibilities of government agencies, exacerbate conflicts among resource users, managers and policy makers in Ghana. In addition, supranational policy such as the protocol of the Economic Community of West African States, which promotes free movement of people and goods within the 16-nation community, is a driver of conflict between native farmers and nomadic Fulani herders. Clear policy directions from government that outlines the specific roles of various departments involved in resource issues together with a holistic community participatory approach is therefore required to comprehensively understand and address such conflicts. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
conflict characterisation, mining, forestry, governance, fisheries, land, systems, Ghana
in
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
volume
57
issue
11
pages
1724 - 1745
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000342310400007
  • scopus:84907592794
ISSN
1360-0559
DOI
10.1080/09640568.2013.834247
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
15839a50-10c2-46c0-8fe0-86701d813773 (old id 4810236)
date added to LUP
2014-11-25 15:20:24
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:32:02
@article{15839a50-10c2-46c0-8fe0-86701d813773,
  abstract     = {Resource use conflict is an enduring problem for science and policy making. Using in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with resource users, policy makers and key informants, we explored four case examples of resource use conflict within lands and forestry, fisheries, oil and the mining sectors in Ghana. Results indicate that resource use conflict consists of a complex, non-linear system of balancing and reinforcing feedback loops that recur across resource sectors. The conflicts are difficult to clearly define, have many interdependencies and are multi-causal. Specifically, dysfunctional policy, commoditisation of land, infringement on rights of users, shift from communal to private land ownership, renegotiation of rights, and unclear roles and responsibilities of government agencies, exacerbate conflicts among resource users, managers and policy makers in Ghana. In addition, supranational policy such as the protocol of the Economic Community of West African States, which promotes free movement of people and goods within the 16-nation community, is a driver of conflict between native farmers and nomadic Fulani herders. Clear policy directions from government that outlines the specific roles of various departments involved in resource issues together with a holistic community participatory approach is therefore required to comprehensively understand and address such conflicts.},
  author       = {Armah, Frederick A. and Luginaah, Isaac and Tambang, Yengoh Genesis and Taabazuing, Joseph and Yawson, David O.},
  issn         = {1360-0559},
  keyword      = {conflict characterisation,mining,forestry,governance,fisheries,land,systems,Ghana},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1724--1745},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Environmental Planning and Management},
  title        = {Management of natural resources in a conflicting environment in Ghana: unmasking a messy policy problem},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2013.834247},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2014},
}