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Explaining the Transnational Design of International Organizations

Tallberg, Jonas; Sommerer, Thomas; Squatrito, Theresa and Jönsson, Christer LU (2014) In International Organization 68(4). p.741-774
Abstract
Past decades have witnessed a shift in international cooperation toward growing involvement of transnational actors (TNAs), such as nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, and philanthropic foundations. This article offers a comprehensive theoretical and empirical account of TNA access to IOs. The analysis builds on a novel data set, covering formal TNA access to 298 organizational bodies from fifty IOs over the time period 1950 to 2010. We identify the most profound patterns in TNA access across time, issue areas, policy functions, and world regions, and statistically test competing explanations of the variation in TNA access. The central results are three-fold. First, the empirical data confirm the existence of a... (More)
Past decades have witnessed a shift in international cooperation toward growing involvement of transnational actors (TNAs), such as nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, and philanthropic foundations. This article offers a comprehensive theoretical and empirical account of TNA access to IOs. The analysis builds on a novel data set, covering formal TNA access to 298 organizational bodies from fifty IOs over the time period 1950 to 2010. We identify the most profound patterns in TNA access across time, issue areas, policy functions, and world regions, and statistically test competing explanations of the variation in TNA access. The central results are three-fold. First, the empirical data confirm the existence of a far-reaching institutional transformation of IOs over the past sixty years, pervading all issue areas, policy functions, and world regions. Second, variation in TNA access within and across IOs is mainly explained by a combination of three factors: functional demand for the resources of TNAs, domestic democratic standards in the membership of IOs, and state concerns with national sovereignty. Third, existing research suffers from a selection bias that has led it to overestimate the general importance of a new participatory norm in global governance for the openness of IOs. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Organization
volume
68
issue
4
pages
741 - 774
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000344483300001
  • scopus:84910678152
ISSN
1531-5088
DOI
10.1017/S0020818314000149
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b113c2be-ea86-480f-911c-cff756fa75fa (old id 4871815)
date added to LUP
2015-01-07 11:13:21
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:14:38
@article{b113c2be-ea86-480f-911c-cff756fa75fa,
  abstract     = {Past decades have witnessed a shift in international cooperation toward growing involvement of transnational actors (TNAs), such as nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, and philanthropic foundations. This article offers a comprehensive theoretical and empirical account of TNA access to IOs. The analysis builds on a novel data set, covering formal TNA access to 298 organizational bodies from fifty IOs over the time period 1950 to 2010. We identify the most profound patterns in TNA access across time, issue areas, policy functions, and world regions, and statistically test competing explanations of the variation in TNA access. The central results are three-fold. First, the empirical data confirm the existence of a far-reaching institutional transformation of IOs over the past sixty years, pervading all issue areas, policy functions, and world regions. Second, variation in TNA access within and across IOs is mainly explained by a combination of three factors: functional demand for the resources of TNAs, domestic democratic standards in the membership of IOs, and state concerns with national sovereignty. Third, existing research suffers from a selection bias that has led it to overestimate the general importance of a new participatory norm in global governance for the openness of IOs.},
  author       = {Tallberg, Jonas and Sommerer, Thomas and Squatrito, Theresa and Jönsson, Christer},
  issn         = {1531-5088},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {741--774},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {International Organization},
  title        = {Explaining the Transnational Design of International Organizations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0020818314000149},
  volume       = {68},
  year         = {2014},
}