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A review on ergonomics of headgear: Thermal effects

Bogerd, Cornelis P.; Aerts, Jean-Marie; Annaheim, Simon; Bröde, Peter; de Bruyne, Guido; Flouris, Andreas D.; Kuklane, Kalev LU ; Mayor, Tiago Sotto and Rossi, Rene M. (2015) In International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 45(February). p.1-12
Abstract
The thermal effects related to wearing headgear are complex and different studies have investigated single parts of this topic. This review aims at summarizing the different findings to give a complete overview on this topic as well as to suggest new perspectives. Headgear increases head insulation and therefore is mainly problematic under warm conditions, which is the focus of this review. Helmets do not affect physiological parameters other than the local skin temperature and sweat rate. However, the head is among the most sensitive body parts related to thermal comfort, thereby directly affecting the willingness to wear headgear. Several methods have been used to study thermal aspects of headgear, which could be categorized as (i)... (More)
The thermal effects related to wearing headgear are complex and different studies have investigated single parts of this topic. This review aims at summarizing the different findings to give a complete overview on this topic as well as to suggest new perspectives. Headgear increases head insulation and therefore is mainly problematic under warm conditions, which is the focus of this review. Helmets do not affect physiological parameters other than the local skin temperature and sweat rate. However, the head is among the most sensitive body parts related to thermal comfort, thereby directly affecting the willingness to wear headgear. Several methods have been used to study thermal aspects of headgear, which could be categorized as (i) numerical, (ii) biophysical, (iii) combined numerical and biophysical, and (iv) user trials. The application of these methods established that heat transfer mainly takes place through radiation and convection. Headgear parameters relevant to these heat transfer pathways, are reviewed and suggestions are provided for improving existing headgear concepts and developing new concepts, ultimately leading to more accepted headgear.

Relevance to industry: This review provides a sound basis for improving existing headgear concepts. Firstly, a concise overview of headgear research related to thermal effects is given, leading to empirically based improvement suggestions and identification of research fields with a high potential. Finally, relevant research methods are described facilitating evaluation in R&D processes. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Helmets, Headgear, Ergonomics, Thermal physiology, Mass transfer, Heat, transfer, Comfort, Heat loss, Ventilation, CFD, Manikins, Review, Temperature
in
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
volume
45
issue
February
pages
1 - 12
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000348883500001
  • scopus:84921282795
ISSN
0169-8141
DOI
10.1016/j.ergon.2014.10.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
951b397d-11af-45e9-b59c-94e7437921d1 (old id 4882084)
date added to LUP
2015-01-28 10:27:26
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:52:18
@article{951b397d-11af-45e9-b59c-94e7437921d1,
  abstract     = {The thermal effects related to wearing headgear are complex and different studies have investigated single parts of this topic. This review aims at summarizing the different findings to give a complete overview on this topic as well as to suggest new perspectives. Headgear increases head insulation and therefore is mainly problematic under warm conditions, which is the focus of this review. Helmets do not affect physiological parameters other than the local skin temperature and sweat rate. However, the head is among the most sensitive body parts related to thermal comfort, thereby directly affecting the willingness to wear headgear. Several methods have been used to study thermal aspects of headgear, which could be categorized as (i) numerical, (ii) biophysical, (iii) combined numerical and biophysical, and (iv) user trials. The application of these methods established that heat transfer mainly takes place through radiation and convection. Headgear parameters relevant to these heat transfer pathways, are reviewed and suggestions are provided for improving existing headgear concepts and developing new concepts, ultimately leading to more accepted headgear.<br/><br>
Relevance to industry: This review provides a sound basis for improving existing headgear concepts. Firstly, a concise overview of headgear research related to thermal effects is given, leading to empirically based improvement suggestions and identification of research fields with a high potential. Finally, relevant research methods are described facilitating evaluation in R&amp;D processes.},
  author       = {Bogerd, Cornelis P. and Aerts, Jean-Marie and Annaheim, Simon and Bröde, Peter and de Bruyne, Guido and Flouris, Andreas D. and Kuklane, Kalev and Mayor, Tiago Sotto and Rossi, Rene M.},
  issn         = {0169-8141},
  keyword      = {Helmets,Headgear,Ergonomics,Thermal physiology,Mass transfer,Heat,transfer,Comfort,Heat loss,Ventilation,CFD,Manikins,Review,Temperature},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {February},
  pages        = {1--12},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics},
  title        = {A review on ergonomics of headgear: Thermal effects},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2014.10.004},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2015},
}