Advanced

Low-carbon district heating in Sweden – Examining a successful energy transition

Di Lucia, Lorenzo and Ericsson, Karin LU (2014) In Energy Research & Social Science 4. p.10-20
Abstract
District heating (DH) systems may contribute to reducing the use of fossil fuels for heating purposes since they enable the use of waste heat and facilitate the use of renewable energy sources. This paper focuses on the transformation of the Swedish DH systems with regard to energy supply in 1960–2011. Swedish DH production was completely dependent on oil until the late 1970s, while today it is dominated by biomass and other renewable energy sources. The objectives of this paper are to describe and explain the fuel transition in the context of the main events that have characterized the development of the Swedish DH sector. For this purpose, we employ theories and approaches grounded in the literature on systems of innovations, especially... (More)
District heating (DH) systems may contribute to reducing the use of fossil fuels for heating purposes since they enable the use of waste heat and facilitate the use of renewable energy sources. This paper focuses on the transformation of the Swedish DH systems with regard to energy supply in 1960–2011. Swedish DH production was completely dependent on oil until the late 1970s, while today it is dominated by biomass and other renewable energy sources. The objectives of this paper are to describe and explain the fuel transition in the context of the main events that have characterized the development of the Swedish DH sector. For this purpose, we employ theories and approaches grounded in the literature on systems of innovations, especially the Multi-Level Perspective. The study shows that the transition involved a series of steps. Initiated by the oil crises in the 1970s the oil-based regime collapsed rapidly, while the growth of the biomass-based regime was a steered process governed by actors and supported only by external events. The lessons learned from the transition towards low-carbon and more sustainable DH systems in Sweden could be useful in the challenging task of steering future energy transitions in other countries and sectors. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
District heating Sweden Energy transition Multi-level perspective Systems of innovations
in
Energy Research & Social Science
volume
4
pages
10 - 20
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84924025522
ISSN
2214-6326
DOI
10.1016/j.erss.2014.08.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e29733f9-71d6-4320-9962-919023651d16 (old id 4889058)
date added to LUP
2015-01-08 11:00:40
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:36:42
@article{e29733f9-71d6-4320-9962-919023651d16,
  abstract     = {District heating (DH) systems may contribute to reducing the use of fossil fuels for heating purposes since they enable the use of waste heat and facilitate the use of renewable energy sources. This paper focuses on the transformation of the Swedish DH systems with regard to energy supply in 1960–2011. Swedish DH production was completely dependent on oil until the late 1970s, while today it is dominated by biomass and other renewable energy sources. The objectives of this paper are to describe and explain the fuel transition in the context of the main events that have characterized the development of the Swedish DH sector. For this purpose, we employ theories and approaches grounded in the literature on systems of innovations, especially the Multi-Level Perspective. The study shows that the transition involved a series of steps. Initiated by the oil crises in the 1970s the oil-based regime collapsed rapidly, while the growth of the biomass-based regime was a steered process governed by actors and supported only by external events. The lessons learned from the transition towards low-carbon and more sustainable DH systems in Sweden could be useful in the challenging task of steering future energy transitions in other countries and sectors.},
  author       = {Di Lucia, Lorenzo and Ericsson, Karin},
  issn         = {2214-6326},
  keyword      = {District heating Sweden Energy transition Multi-level perspective Systems of innovations},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {10--20},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy Research & Social Science},
  title        = {Low-carbon district heating in Sweden – Examining a successful energy transition},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2014.08.005},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2014},
}