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Neighborhood walkability, deprivation and incidence of type 2 diabetes: A population-based study on 512,061 Swedish adults.

Sundquist, Kristina LU ; Eriksson, Ulf LU ; Mezuk, Briana LU and Ohlsson, Henrik LU (2015) In Health and Place 31. p.24-30
Abstract
Neighborhood walkability has been associated with increased physical activity, but only a few studies have explored the association between walkability and health outcomes related to physical activity, such as type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between objectively assessed neighborhood walkability and the 4-year incidence of type 2 diabetes in a sample of 512,061 Swedish adults aged 18 years and older. Neighborhoods were defined by 408 administratively defined geographical areas in the city of Stockholm. We found a negative association between walkability and type 2 diabetes (OR=1.33, 95% CI=1.13-1.55) that remained significant after adjusting for neighborhood deprivation. This association, however,... (More)
Neighborhood walkability has been associated with increased physical activity, but only a few studies have explored the association between walkability and health outcomes related to physical activity, such as type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between objectively assessed neighborhood walkability and the 4-year incidence of type 2 diabetes in a sample of 512,061 Swedish adults aged 18 years and older. Neighborhoods were defined by 408 administratively defined geographical areas in the city of Stockholm. We found a negative association between walkability and type 2 diabetes (OR=1.33, 95% CI=1.13-1.55) that remained significant after adjusting for neighborhood deprivation. This association, however, no longer remained statistically significant after adjusting for individual socio-demographic factors. These results were also confirmed using a co-sibling design. Future studies are encouraged to further explore the potential effect of a broader array of the neighborhood built environment on health outcomes related to physical activity. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Health and Place
volume
31
pages
24 - 30
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:25463914
  • wos:000348202100004
  • scopus:84909989418
ISSN
1873-2054
DOI
10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.10.011
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2b2d5770-1e0b-4a2d-bd31-650582fc242c (old id 4912909)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25463914?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2015-01-08 18:30:39
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:02:50
@article{2b2d5770-1e0b-4a2d-bd31-650582fc242c,
  abstract     = {Neighborhood walkability has been associated with increased physical activity, but only a few studies have explored the association between walkability and health outcomes related to physical activity, such as type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between objectively assessed neighborhood walkability and the 4-year incidence of type 2 diabetes in a sample of 512,061 Swedish adults aged 18 years and older. Neighborhoods were defined by 408 administratively defined geographical areas in the city of Stockholm. We found a negative association between walkability and type 2 diabetes (OR=1.33, 95% CI=1.13-1.55) that remained significant after adjusting for neighborhood deprivation. This association, however, no longer remained statistically significant after adjusting for individual socio-demographic factors. These results were also confirmed using a co-sibling design. Future studies are encouraged to further explore the potential effect of a broader array of the neighborhood built environment on health outcomes related to physical activity.},
  author       = {Sundquist, Kristina and Eriksson, Ulf and Mezuk, Briana and Ohlsson, Henrik},
  issn         = {1873-2054},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {24--30},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Health and Place},
  title        = {Neighborhood walkability, deprivation and incidence of type 2 diabetes: A population-based study on 512,061 Swedish adults.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.10.011},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2015},
}