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The association between the home environment and physical activity in community-dwelling older adults

Benzinger, P.; Iwarsson, Susanne LU ; Kroog, A.; Beische, D.; Lindemann, U.; Klenk, J. and Becker, C. (2014) In Aging clinical and experimental research 26(4). p.377-385
Abstract
Physical activity (PA) decreases with increasing age despite the fact that PA exerts beneficial effects on many age-related diseases and conditions. Consequently, there is an interest in modifiable factors that may influence PA among older persons. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between PA and the home environment in wellfunctioning older community-dwelling persons. Method This study used a person-environment (P-E) fit perspective to the home environment, operationalized by means of assessment of functional limitations in 81 community- dwelling persons (median age 79 years) as well as environmental barriers in their home environments and the nearby exterior surroundings. The interaction between functional... (More)
Physical activity (PA) decreases with increasing age despite the fact that PA exerts beneficial effects on many age-related diseases and conditions. Consequently, there is an interest in modifiable factors that may influence PA among older persons. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between PA and the home environment in wellfunctioning older community-dwelling persons. Method This study used a person-environment (P-E) fit perspective to the home environment, operationalized by means of assessment of functional limitations in 81 community- dwelling persons (median age 79 years) as well as environmental barriers in their home environments and the nearby exterior surroundings. The interaction between functional limitations and environmental barriers generated a score expressing the magnitude of P-E fit problems in their home environment. PA was rated with a questionnaire covering household-related and recreational activities. Results We found a significant association between PA and the magnitude of P-E fit problems that explained 3.9 % of the variance of PA. The number of environmental barriers per se was not significantly associated with PA, while functional limitations explained 6.8 % of the variance of PA. Conclusion In well-functioning older persons living in the community environmental aspects of housing demonstrated a weak association with PA. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Environmental barriers, Housing, Personenvironment fit, Older persons
in
Aging clinical and experimental research
volume
26
issue
4
pages
377 - 385
publisher
Kurtis
external identifiers
  • wos:000346808900005
  • scopus:84925883616
ISSN
1720-8319
DOI
10.1007/s40520-014-0196-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0f812c8c-d5a7-4354-9a63-c505d9b6c140 (old id 4941498)
date added to LUP
2015-02-03 07:07:34
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:28:50
@article{0f812c8c-d5a7-4354-9a63-c505d9b6c140,
  abstract     = {Physical activity (PA) decreases with increasing age despite the fact that PA exerts beneficial effects on many age-related diseases and conditions. Consequently, there is an interest in modifiable factors that may influence PA among older persons. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between PA and the home environment in wellfunctioning older community-dwelling persons. Method This study used a person-environment (P-E) fit perspective to the home environment, operationalized by means of assessment of functional limitations in 81 community- dwelling persons (median age 79 years) as well as environmental barriers in their home environments and the nearby exterior surroundings. The interaction between functional limitations and environmental barriers generated a score expressing the magnitude of P-E fit problems in their home environment. PA was rated with a questionnaire covering household-related and recreational activities. Results We found a significant association between PA and the magnitude of P-E fit problems that explained 3.9 % of the variance of PA. The number of environmental barriers per se was not significantly associated with PA, while functional limitations explained 6.8 % of the variance of PA. Conclusion In well-functioning older persons living in the community environmental aspects of housing demonstrated a weak association with PA.},
  author       = {Benzinger, P. and Iwarsson, Susanne and Kroog, A. and Beische, D. and Lindemann, U. and Klenk, J. and Becker, C.},
  issn         = {1720-8319},
  keyword      = {Environmental barriers,Housing,Personenvironment fit,Older persons},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {377--385},
  publisher    = {Kurtis},
  series       = {Aging clinical and experimental research},
  title        = {The association between the home environment and physical activity in community-dwelling older adults},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40520-014-0196-0},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2014},
}