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Model of Cholera Forecasting Using Artificial Neural Network in Chabahar City, Iran

Pezeshki, Zahra; Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Mohammad; Nejadgholi, Isar; Mansourian, A LU and Rahbar, Mohammad (2016) In International Journal of Enteric Pathog 4(1). p.23-30
Abstract
Background: Cholera as an endemic disease remains a health issue in Iran despite decrease in incidence. Since forecasting epidemic diseases provides appropriate preventive actions in disease spread, different forecasting methods including artificial neural networks have been developed to study parameters involved in incidence and spread of epidemic diseases such as cholera.
Objectives: In this study, cholera in rural area of Chabahar, Iran was investigated to achieve a proper forecasting model.
Materials and Methods: Data of cholera was gathered from 465 villages, of which 104 reported cholera during ten years period of study. Logistic regression modeling and correlate bivariate were used to determine risk factors and achieve... (More)
Background: Cholera as an endemic disease remains a health issue in Iran despite decrease in incidence. Since forecasting epidemic diseases provides appropriate preventive actions in disease spread, different forecasting methods including artificial neural networks have been developed to study parameters involved in incidence and spread of epidemic diseases such as cholera.
Objectives: In this study, cholera in rural area of Chabahar, Iran was investigated to achieve a proper forecasting model.
Materials and Methods: Data of cholera was gathered from 465 villages, of which 104 reported cholera during ten years period of study. Logistic regression modeling and correlate bivariate were used to determine risk factors and achieve possible predictive model one-hidden-layer perception neural network with backpropagation training algorithm and the sigmoid activation function was trained and tested between the two groups of infected and non-infected villages after preprocessing. For determining validity of prediction, the ROC diagram was used. The study variables included climate conditions and geographical parameters.
Results: After determining significant variables of cholera incidence, the described artificial neural network model was capable of forecasting cholera event among villages of test group with accuracy up to 80%. The highest accuracy was achieved when model was trained with variables that were significant in statistical analysis describing that the two methods confirm the result of each other.
Conclusions: Application of artificial neural networking assists forecasting cholera for adopting protective measures. For a more accurate prediction, comprehensive information is required including data on hygienic, social and demographic parameters. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cholera, Iran, Forecasting, Statistical Model, Neural Network
in
International Journal of Enteric Pathog
volume
4
issue
1
pages
23 - 30
DOI
10.17795/ijep31445
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4a729f67-3544-4d2e-b33a-62d2cd7b8aee
date added to LUP
2016-05-27 16:04:05
date last changed
2017-05-11 15:25:27
@article{4a729f67-3544-4d2e-b33a-62d2cd7b8aee,
  abstract     = {Background: Cholera as an endemic disease remains a health issue in Iran despite decrease in incidence. Since forecasting epidemic diseases provides appropriate preventive actions in disease spread, different forecasting methods including artificial neural networks have been developed to study parameters involved in incidence and spread of epidemic diseases such as cholera.<br/>Objectives: In this study, cholera in rural area of Chabahar, Iran was investigated to achieve a proper forecasting model.<br/>Materials and Methods: Data of cholera was gathered from 465 villages, of which 104 reported cholera during ten years period of study. Logistic regression modeling and correlate bivariate were used to determine risk factors and achieve possible predictive model one-hidden-layer perception neural network with backpropagation training algorithm and the sigmoid activation function was trained and tested between the two groups of infected and non-infected villages after preprocessing. For determining validity of prediction, the ROC diagram was used. The study variables included climate conditions and geographical parameters.<br/>Results: After determining significant variables of cholera incidence, the described artificial neural network model was capable of forecasting cholera event among villages of test group with accuracy up to 80%. The highest accuracy was achieved when model was trained with variables that were significant in statistical analysis describing that the two methods confirm the result of each other.<br/>Conclusions: Application of artificial neural networking assists forecasting cholera for adopting protective measures. For a more accurate prediction, comprehensive information is required including data on hygienic, social and demographic parameters.},
  articleno    = {10.17795/ijep31445},
  author       = {Pezeshki, Zahra and Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Mohammad and Nejadgholi, Isar and Mansourian, A and Rahbar, Mohammad},
  keyword      = {Cholera,Iran,Forecasting,Statistical Model,Neural Network},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {23--30},
  series       = {International Journal of Enteric Pathog},
  title        = {Model of Cholera Forecasting Using Artificial Neural Network in Chabahar City, Iran},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.17795/ijep31445},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2016},
}