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The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes

Floudas, Dimitrios LU ; Binder, Manfred; Riley, Robert; Barry, Kerrie; Blanchette, Robert; Henrissat, Bernard; Martinez, Angel; Ottilar, Robert; Spatafora, Joseph and Yadav, Jagjit, et al. (2012) In Science 356(6338). p.1715-1719
Abstract
Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non–lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of... (More)
Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non–lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of organic carbon burial around the end of the Carboniferous period. (Less)
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Science
volume
356
issue
6338
pages
1715 - 1719
publisher
The American Association for the Advancement of Science
external identifiers
  • scopus:84862977387
ISSN
1095-9203
DOI
10.1126/science.1221748
language
English
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no
id
4b17b154-70c4-4c7b-a1cf-a9bc32c67d61
date added to LUP
2017-05-18 12:57:00
date last changed
2017-11-19 04:40:12
@article{4b17b154-70c4-4c7b-a1cf-a9bc32c67d61,
  abstract     = {Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non–lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of organic carbon burial around the end of the Carboniferous period.},
  author       = {Floudas, Dimitrios and Binder, Manfred and Riley, Robert and Barry, Kerrie and Blanchette, Robert and Henrissat, Bernard and Martinez, Angel and Ottilar, Robert and Spatafora, Joseph and Yadav, Jagjit and Aerts, Andrea and Benoit, Isabelle and Boyd, Alex and Carlson, Alexis  and Copeland, Alex and Coutinho, Pedro and de Vries, Ronald and Ferreira, Patricia and Findley, Keisha and Foster, Brian and Gaskell, Jill and Glotzer, Dylan and Gorecki, Pawel and Heitman, Joseph and Hesse, Cedar and Hori, Chiaki and Igarashi, Kiyohiko and Jurgens, Joel and Kallen, Nathan and Kersten, Phil  and Kohler, Annegret and Kues, Ursula and Kumar, Arun and Kuo, Alan and LaButti, Kurt and Larrondo, Luis and Lindquist, Erika and Ling, Albee and Lombard, Vincent and Lucas, Susan and Lundell, Taina and Martin, Rachael and MacLaughlin, David and Morgenstern, Ingo and Morin, Emanuelle and Murat, Claude and Nagy, Laszlo and Nolan, Matt and Ohm, Robin and Patyshakuliyeva, Aleksrandrina  and Rokas, Antonis and Ruiz-Duenas, Francisco and Sabat, Grzegorz and Salamov, Asaf and Samejima, Masahiro and Schmutz, Jeremy and Slot, Jason C. and St. John, Franz  and Stenlid, Jan and San, Hui and Sun, Sheng and Syed, Khajamohiddin and Tsang, Andrian and Wiebenga, Ad and Young, Darcy and Pissabarro, Antonio and Eastwood, Daniel C.  and Martin, Francis and Cullen, Dan and Grigoriev, Igor V. and Hibbett, David S.},
  issn         = {1095-9203},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  number       = {6338},
  pages        = {1715--1719},
  publisher    = {The American Association for the Advancement of Science},
  series       = {Science},
  title        = {The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1221748},
  volume       = {356},
  year         = {2012},
}