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Comparing Auditory Noise Treatment with Stimulant Medication on cognitive Task Performance in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Results from a Pilot Study

Söderlund, Göran B.W.; Björk, Christer and Gustafsson, Peik LU (2016) In Frontiers in Psychology 7.
Abstract
Background: Recent research has shown that acoustic white noise (80 dB) can improve task performance in people with attention deficits and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This is attributed to the phenomenon of stochastic resonance in which a certain amount of noise can improve performance in a brain that is not working at its optimum. We compare here the effect of noise exposure with the effect of stimulant medication on cognitive task performance in ADHD. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of auditory noise exposure with stimulant medication for ADHD children on a cognitive test battery. A group of typically developed children (TDC) took the same tests as a comparison. Methods: Twenty children... (More)
Background: Recent research has shown that acoustic white noise (80 dB) can improve task performance in people with attention deficits and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This is attributed to the phenomenon of stochastic resonance in which a certain amount of noise can improve performance in a brain that is not working at its optimum. We compare here the effect of noise exposure with the effect of stimulant medication on cognitive task performance in ADHD. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of auditory noise exposure with stimulant medication for ADHD children on a cognitive test battery. A group of typically developed children (TDC) took the same tests as a comparison. Methods: Twenty children with ADHD of combined or inattentive subtypes and twenty TDC matched for age and gender performed three different tests (word recall, spanboard and n-back task) during exposure to white noise (80 dB) and in a silent condition. The ADHD children were tested with and without central stimulant medication. Results: In the spanboard- and the word recall tasks, but not in the 2-back task, white noise exposure led to significant improvements for both non-medicated and medicated ADHD children. No significant effects of medication were found on any of the three tasks. Conclusion: This pilot study shows that exposure to white noise resulted in a task improvement that was larger than the one with stimulant medication thus opening up the possibility of using auditory noise as an alternative, non-pharmacological treatment of cognitive ADHD symptoms. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Frontiers in Psychology
volume
7
pages
10 pages
publisher
Frontiers
external identifiers
  • scopus:84994440881
  • wos:000382717500001
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01331
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4ca2d2cd-52e4-48e2-b0ab-8af42763a8c0
date added to LUP
2016-09-07 12:14:09
date last changed
2017-05-04 14:04:59
@article{4ca2d2cd-52e4-48e2-b0ab-8af42763a8c0,
  abstract     = {Background: Recent research has shown that acoustic white noise (80 dB) can improve task performance in people with attention deficits and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This is attributed to the phenomenon of stochastic resonance in which a certain amount of noise can improve performance in a brain that is not working at its optimum. We compare here the effect of noise exposure with the effect of stimulant medication on cognitive task performance in ADHD. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of auditory noise exposure with stimulant medication for ADHD children on a cognitive test battery. A group of typically developed children (TDC) took the same tests as a comparison. Methods: Twenty children with ADHD of combined or inattentive subtypes and twenty TDC matched for age and gender performed three different tests (word recall, spanboard and n-back task) during exposure to white noise (80 dB) and in a silent condition. The ADHD children were tested with and without central stimulant medication. Results: In the spanboard- and the word recall tasks, but not in the 2-back task, white noise exposure led to significant improvements for both non-medicated and medicated ADHD children. No significant effects of medication were found on any of the three tasks. Conclusion: This pilot study shows that exposure to white noise resulted in a task improvement that was larger than the one with stimulant medication thus opening up the possibility of using auditory noise as an alternative, non-pharmacological treatment of cognitive ADHD symptoms.},
  articleno    = {1331},
  author       = {Söderlund, Göran B.W. and Björk, Christer and Gustafsson, Peik},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {10},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  series       = {Frontiers in Psychology},
  title        = {Comparing Auditory Noise Treatment with Stimulant Medication on cognitive Task Performance in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Results from a Pilot Study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01331},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2016},
}