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Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection

Siepielski, Adam M.; Morrissey, Michael B.; Buoro, Mathieu; Carlson, Stephanie M.; Caruso, Christina M.; Clegg, Sonya M.; Coulson, Tim; DiBattista, Joseph; Gotanda, Kiyoko M. and Francis, Clinton D., et al. (2017) In Science 355(6328). p.959-962
Abstract

Climate change has the potential to affect the ecology and evolution of every species on Earth. Although the ecological consequences of climate change are increasingly well documented, the effects of climate on the key evolutionary process driving adaptation - natural selection - are largely unknown. We report that aspects of precipitation and potential evapotranspiration, along with the North Atlantic Oscillation, predicted variation in selection across plant and animal populations throughout many terrestrial biomes, whereas temperature explained little variation. By showing that selection was influenced by climate variation, our results indicate that climate change may cause widespread alterations in selection regimes, potentially... (More)

Climate change has the potential to affect the ecology and evolution of every species on Earth. Although the ecological consequences of climate change are increasingly well documented, the effects of climate on the key evolutionary process driving adaptation - natural selection - are largely unknown. We report that aspects of precipitation and potential evapotranspiration, along with the North Atlantic Oscillation, predicted variation in selection across plant and animal populations throughout many terrestrial biomes, whereas temperature explained little variation. By showing that selection was influenced by climate variation, our results indicate that climate change may cause widespread alterations in selection regimes, potentially shifting evolutionary trajectories at a global scale.

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publication status
published
subject
in
Science
volume
355
issue
6328
pages
4 pages
publisher
The American Association for the Advancement of Science
external identifiers
  • scopus:85014590667
  • wos:000395181700041
ISSN
0036-8075
DOI
10.1126/science.aag2773
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4e4d2c03-ad91-47f5-be5b-0fb667d3172e
date added to LUP
2017-04-12 07:54:08
date last changed
2018-09-09 04:50:04
@article{4e4d2c03-ad91-47f5-be5b-0fb667d3172e,
  abstract     = {<p>Climate change has the potential to affect the ecology and evolution of every species on Earth. Although the ecological consequences of climate change are increasingly well documented, the effects of climate on the key evolutionary process driving adaptation - natural selection - are largely unknown. We report that aspects of precipitation and potential evapotranspiration, along with the North Atlantic Oscillation, predicted variation in selection across plant and animal populations throughout many terrestrial biomes, whereas temperature explained little variation. By showing that selection was influenced by climate variation, our results indicate that climate change may cause widespread alterations in selection regimes, potentially shifting evolutionary trajectories at a global scale.</p>},
  author       = {Siepielski, Adam M. and Morrissey, Michael B. and Buoro, Mathieu and Carlson, Stephanie M. and Caruso, Christina M. and Clegg, Sonya M. and Coulson, Tim and DiBattista, Joseph and Gotanda, Kiyoko M. and Francis, Clinton D. and Hereford, Joe and Kingsolver, Joel G. and Augustine, Kate E. and Kruuk, Loeske E B and Martin, Ryan A. and Sheldon, Ben C. and Sletvold, Nina and Svensson, Erik I. and Wade, Michael J. and MacColl, Andrew D C},
  issn         = {0036-8075},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {6328},
  pages        = {959--962},
  publisher    = {The American Association for the Advancement of Science},
  series       = {Science},
  title        = {Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aag2773},
  volume       = {355},
  year         = {2017},
}