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The relevance of personality traits in impulsivity-related disorders : From substance use disorders and gambling disorder to bulimia nervosa

Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Amparo; Jiménez-Murcia, Susana; Fernández-Aranda, Fernando; Agüera, Zaida; Granero, Roser; Hakansson, Anders LU ; Fagundo, Ana B.; Bolao, Ferran; Valdepérez, Ana and Mestre-Bach, Gemma, et al. (2017) In Journal of Behavioral Addictions 6(3). p.396-405
Abstract

Background and aims: The main aim of this study was to analyze and describe the clinical characteristics and shared personality traits in different impulsivity-compulsivity spectrum disorders: substance use disorders (SUD), gambling disorder (GD), and bulimia nervosa (BN). The specific aims were to compare personality differences among individuals with pure SUD, BN with and without SUD, and GD with and without SUD. In addition, we assessed the differential predictive capacity of clinical and personality variables in relation to diagnostic subtype. Methods: The sample comprised 998 subjects diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR criteria: 101 patients were diagnosed with SUD, 482 with GD, 359 with BN, 11 with GD + SUD, and 45 patients with BN... (More)

Background and aims: The main aim of this study was to analyze and describe the clinical characteristics and shared personality traits in different impulsivity-compulsivity spectrum disorders: substance use disorders (SUD), gambling disorder (GD), and bulimia nervosa (BN). The specific aims were to compare personality differences among individuals with pure SUD, BN with and without SUD, and GD with and without SUD. In addition, we assessed the differential predictive capacity of clinical and personality variables in relation to diagnostic subtype. Methods: The sample comprised 998 subjects diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR criteria: 101 patients were diagnosed with SUD, 482 with GD, 359 with BN, 11 with GD + SUD, and 45 patients with BN + SUD. Various assessment instruments were administered, as well as other clinical measures, to evaluate their predictive capacity. Results: Marked differences in personality traits were observed between groups. Novelty seeking, harm avoidance, self-directedness, cooperation, and self-transcendence best differentiated the groups. Notably, novelty seeking was significantly higher in the two dual pathology subgroups. Patients with dual pathology showed the most dysfunctional personality profiles. Discussion and conclusion: Our results indicate the existence of shared dysfunctional personality traits among the groups studied, especially in novelty seeking and self-directedness.

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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Bulimia nervosa, Dual disorders, Gambling disorder, Impulsivity, Personality, Substance use disorders
in
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
volume
6
issue
3
pages
10 pages
publisher
Akademiai Kiado
external identifiers
  • scopus:85031712497
ISSN
2062-5871
DOI
10.1556/2006.6.2017.051
language
English
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yes
id
4ea4d533-ea5b-4824-b492-267dd283dbd0
date added to LUP
2017-11-15 14:40:51
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:25:55
@article{4ea4d533-ea5b-4824-b492-267dd283dbd0,
  abstract     = {<p>Background and aims: The main aim of this study was to analyze and describe the clinical characteristics and shared personality traits in different impulsivity-compulsivity spectrum disorders: substance use disorders (SUD), gambling disorder (GD), and bulimia nervosa (BN). The specific aims were to compare personality differences among individuals with pure SUD, BN with and without SUD, and GD with and without SUD. In addition, we assessed the differential predictive capacity of clinical and personality variables in relation to diagnostic subtype. Methods: The sample comprised 998 subjects diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR criteria: 101 patients were diagnosed with SUD, 482 with GD, 359 with BN, 11 with GD + SUD, and 45 patients with BN + SUD. Various assessment instruments were administered, as well as other clinical measures, to evaluate their predictive capacity. Results: Marked differences in personality traits were observed between groups. Novelty seeking, harm avoidance, self-directedness, cooperation, and self-transcendence best differentiated the groups. Notably, novelty seeking was significantly higher in the two dual pathology subgroups. Patients with dual pathology showed the most dysfunctional personality profiles. Discussion and conclusion: Our results indicate the existence of shared dysfunctional personality traits among the groups studied, especially in novelty seeking and self-directedness.</p>},
  author       = {Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Amparo and Jiménez-Murcia, Susana and Fernández-Aranda, Fernando and Agüera, Zaida and Granero, Roser and Hakansson, Anders and Fagundo, Ana B. and Bolao, Ferran and Valdepérez, Ana and Mestre-Bach, Gemma and Steward, Trevor and Penelo, Eva and Moragas, Laura and Aymamí, Neus and Gómez-Peña, Mónica and Rigol-Cuadras, Assumpta and Martín-Romera, Virginia and Menchón, José M.},
  issn         = {2062-5871},
  keyword      = {Bulimia nervosa,Dual disorders,Gambling disorder,Impulsivity,Personality,Substance use disorders},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {396--405},
  publisher    = {Akademiai Kiado},
  series       = {Journal of Behavioral Addictions},
  title        = {The relevance of personality traits in impulsivity-related disorders : From substance use disorders and gambling disorder to bulimia nervosa},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/2006.6.2017.051},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2017},
}