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HIV/AIDS knowledge and condom use among Somali and Sudanese immigrants in Denmark.

Lazarus, Jeffrey LU ; Himedan, Himedan Mohammed; Ostergaard, Lise Rosendal and Liljestrand, Jerker LU (2006) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00 34(1). p.92-99
Abstract
Aims: This study explores the knowledge, attitudes and practices among Somali and Sudanese immigrants in Denmark with regard to HIV/AIDS and condom use. Material and methods: A 78-item questionnaire, divided into five thematic sections, was given to 192 purposively selected Sudanese and Somalis of both sexes, aged 18-49, who had lived in Denmark for one or more years. It was administered in Arabic and Somali in four locations and supplemented by 13 semi-structured interviews. Results: Education, sex, and nationality, but not length of residence in Denmark, were positively associated with knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Less than half of both men and women scored more than 70% on the knowledge portion of the questionnaire, while Sudanese knew... (More)
Aims: This study explores the knowledge, attitudes and practices among Somali and Sudanese immigrants in Denmark with regard to HIV/AIDS and condom use. Material and methods: A 78-item questionnaire, divided into five thematic sections, was given to 192 purposively selected Sudanese and Somalis of both sexes, aged 18-49, who had lived in Denmark for one or more years. It was administered in Arabic and Somali in four locations and supplemented by 13 semi-structured interviews. Results: Education, sex, and nationality, but not length of residence in Denmark, were positively associated with knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Less than half of both men and women scored more than 70% on the knowledge portion of the questionnaire, while Sudanese knew more than Somalis. Men had a more negative attitude towards condoms than women, but greater knowledge about them. One-third of the women reported never having seen or heard of a condom, and almost half had never received information about condoms. Both sexes preferred receiving such information from the TV or friends instead of family doctors or HIV-positive individuals. Conclusions: This study suggests that knowledge about HIV/AIDS is low in these two Danish immigrant groups, both of which are characterized by reported incidence rates that are higher than the national average. The groups receive little information, while condom knowledge is particularly low among poorly educated women, and men have a negative attitude to condom use. The findings indicate a need for targeted, culturally sensitive HIV/AIDS information and advice. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
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subject
keywords
Adult, Condoms, Denmark: epidemiology, Denmark: ethnology, Emigration and Immigration, Female, HIV Infections: epidemiology, HIV Infections: prevention & control, HIV Infections: transmission, Health Education, Health Knowledge, Adolescent, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: prevention & control, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: transmission, Attitudes, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: epidemiology, Practice, Humans, Incidence, Interviews, Male, Questionnaires, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Sexual Behavior, Somalia: ethnology, Sudan: ethnology
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00
volume
34
issue
1
pages
92 - 99
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000235002200013
  • pmid:16449049
  • scopus:32144448480
ISSN
1651-1905
DOI
10.1080/14034940510032211
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
50023e44-0c5f-4243-887d-0b94c4de0cb0 (old id 153710)
date added to LUP
2007-07-24 13:20:34
date last changed
2019-07-07 04:08:02
@article{50023e44-0c5f-4243-887d-0b94c4de0cb0,
  abstract     = {Aims: This study explores the knowledge, attitudes and practices among Somali and Sudanese immigrants in Denmark with regard to HIV/AIDS and condom use. Material and methods: A 78-item questionnaire, divided into five thematic sections, was given to 192 purposively selected Sudanese and Somalis of both sexes, aged 18-49, who had lived in Denmark for one or more years. It was administered in Arabic and Somali in four locations and supplemented by 13 semi-structured interviews. Results: Education, sex, and nationality, but not length of residence in Denmark, were positively associated with knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Less than half of both men and women scored more than 70% on the knowledge portion of the questionnaire, while Sudanese knew more than Somalis. Men had a more negative attitude towards condoms than women, but greater knowledge about them. One-third of the women reported never having seen or heard of a condom, and almost half had never received information about condoms. Both sexes preferred receiving such information from the TV or friends instead of family doctors or HIV-positive individuals. Conclusions: This study suggests that knowledge about HIV/AIDS is low in these two Danish immigrant groups, both of which are characterized by reported incidence rates that are higher than the national average. The groups receive little information, while condom knowledge is particularly low among poorly educated women, and men have a negative attitude to condom use. The findings indicate a need for targeted, culturally sensitive HIV/AIDS information and advice.},
  author       = {Lazarus, Jeffrey and Himedan, Himedan Mohammed and Ostergaard, Lise Rosendal and Liljestrand, Jerker},
  issn         = {1651-1905},
  keyword      = {Adult,Condoms,Denmark: epidemiology,Denmark: ethnology,Emigration and Immigration,Female,HIV Infections: epidemiology,HIV Infections: prevention & control,HIV Infections: transmission,Health Education,Health Knowledge,Adolescent,Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: prevention & control,Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: transmission,Attitudes,Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: epidemiology,Practice,Humans,Incidence,Interviews,Male,Questionnaires,Research Support,Non-U.S. Gov't,Sexual Behavior,Somalia: ethnology,Sudan: ethnology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {92--99},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {HIV/AIDS knowledge and condom use among Somali and Sudanese immigrants in Denmark.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14034940510032211},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2006},
}