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A model species for agricultural pest genomics : The genome of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

Schoville, Sean D.; Chen, Yolanda H.; Andersson, Martin N. LU ; Benoit, Joshua B.; Bhandari, Anita; Bowsher, Julia H.; Brevik, Kristian; Cappelle, Kaat; Chen, Mei Ju M. and Childers, Anna K., et al. (2018) In Scientific Reports 8(1).
Abstract

The Colorado potato beetle is one of the most challenging agricultural pests to manage. It has shown a spectacular ability to adapt to a variety of solanaceaeous plants and variable climates during its global invasion, and, notably, to rapidly evolve insecticide resistance. To examine evidence of rapid evolutionary change, and to understand the genetic basis of herbivory and insecticide resistance, we tested for structural and functional genomic changes relative to other arthropod species using genome sequencing, transcriptomics, and community annotation. Two factors that might facilitate rapid evolutionary change include transposable elements, which comprise at least 17% of the genome and are rapidly evolving compared to other... (More)

The Colorado potato beetle is one of the most challenging agricultural pests to manage. It has shown a spectacular ability to adapt to a variety of solanaceaeous plants and variable climates during its global invasion, and, notably, to rapidly evolve insecticide resistance. To examine evidence of rapid evolutionary change, and to understand the genetic basis of herbivory and insecticide resistance, we tested for structural and functional genomic changes relative to other arthropod species using genome sequencing, transcriptomics, and community annotation. Two factors that might facilitate rapid evolutionary change include transposable elements, which comprise at least 17% of the genome and are rapidly evolving compared to other Coleoptera, and high levels of nucleotide diversity in rapidly growing pest populations. Adaptations to plant feeding are evident in gene expansions and differential expression of digestive enzymes in gut tissues, as well as expansions of gustatory receptors for bitter tasting. Surprisingly, the suite of genes involved in insecticide resistance is similar to other beetles. Finally, duplications in the RNAi pathway might explain why Leptinotarsa decemlineata has high sensitivity to dsRNA. The L. decemlineata genome provides opportunities to investigate a broad range of phenotypes and to develop sustainable methods to control this widely successful pest.

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Scientific Reports
volume
8
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1
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Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • scopus:85041297478
ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-018-20154-1
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English
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yes
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50ece736-2c4a-4e29-81cc-6b132f27752f
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2018-02-12 07:27:39
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@article{50ece736-2c4a-4e29-81cc-6b132f27752f,
  abstract     = {<p>The Colorado potato beetle is one of the most challenging agricultural pests to manage. It has shown a spectacular ability to adapt to a variety of solanaceaeous plants and variable climates during its global invasion, and, notably, to rapidly evolve insecticide resistance. To examine evidence of rapid evolutionary change, and to understand the genetic basis of herbivory and insecticide resistance, we tested for structural and functional genomic changes relative to other arthropod species using genome sequencing, transcriptomics, and community annotation. Two factors that might facilitate rapid evolutionary change include transposable elements, which comprise at least 17% of the genome and are rapidly evolving compared to other Coleoptera, and high levels of nucleotide diversity in rapidly growing pest populations. Adaptations to plant feeding are evident in gene expansions and differential expression of digestive enzymes in gut tissues, as well as expansions of gustatory receptors for bitter tasting. Surprisingly, the suite of genes involved in insecticide resistance is similar to other beetles. Finally, duplications in the RNAi pathway might explain why Leptinotarsa decemlineata has high sensitivity to dsRNA. The L. decemlineata genome provides opportunities to investigate a broad range of phenotypes and to develop sustainable methods to control this widely successful pest.</p>},
  articleno    = {1931},
  author       = {Schoville, Sean D. and Chen, Yolanda H. and Andersson, Martin N. and Benoit, Joshua B. and Bhandari, Anita and Bowsher, Julia H. and Brevik, Kristian and Cappelle, Kaat and Chen, Mei Ju M. and Childers, Anna K. and Childers, Christopher and Christiaens, Olivier and Clements, Justin and Didion, Elise M. and Elpidina, Elena N. and Engsontia, Patamarerk and Friedrich, Markus and García-Robles, Inmaculada and Gibbs, Richard A. and Goswami, Chandan and Grapputo, Alessandro and Gruden, Kristina and Grynberg, Marcin and Henrissat, Bernard and Jennings, Emily C. and Jones, Jeffery W. and Kalsi, Megha and Khan, Sher A. and Kumar, Abhishek and Li, Fei and Lombard, Vincent and Ma, Xingzhou and Martynov, Alexander and Miller, Nicholas J. and Mitchell, Robert F. and Munoz-Torres, Monica and Muszewska, Anna and Oppert, Brenda and Palli, Subba Reddy and Panfilio, Kristen A. and Pauchet, Yannick and Perkin, Lindsey C. and Petek, Marko and Poelchau, Monica F. and Record, Éric and Rinehart, Joseph P. and Robertson, Hugh M. and Rosendale, Andrew J. and Ruiz-Arroyo, Victor M. and Smagghe, Guy and Szendrei, Zsofia and Thomas, Gregg W.C. and Torson, Alex S. and Vargas Jentzsch, Iris M. and Weirauch, Matthew T. and Yates, Ashley D. and Yocum, George D. and Yoon, June Sun and Richards, Stephen},
  issn         = {2045-2322},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {Scientific Reports},
  title        = {A model species for agricultural pest genomics : The genome of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20154-1},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2018},
}