Advanced

Landscape heritage objects' effect on driving: a combined driving simulator and questionnaire study

Antonson, Hans LU ; Ahlström, Christer; Wiklund, Mats; Blomqvist, Göran and Mårdh, Selina (2014) In Accident Analysis and Prevention 62. p.168-177
Abstract
According to the literature, landscape (panoramas, heritage objects e.g. landmarks) affects people in various ways. Data are primarily developed by asking people (interviews, photo sessions, focus groups) about their preferences, but to a lesser degree by measuring how the body reacts to such objects. Personal experience while driving a car through a landscape is even more rare. In this paper we study how different types of objects in the landscape affect drivers during their drive. A high-fidelity moving-base driving simulator was used to measure choice of speed and lateral position in combination with stress (heart rate measure) and eye tracking. The data were supplemented with questionnaires. Eighteen test drivers (8 men and 10 women)... (More)
According to the literature, landscape (panoramas, heritage objects e.g. landmarks) affects people in various ways. Data are primarily developed by asking people (interviews, photo sessions, focus groups) about their preferences, but to a lesser degree by measuring how the body reacts to such objects. Personal experience while driving a car through a landscape is even more rare. In this paper we study how different types of objects in the landscape affect drivers during their drive. A high-fidelity moving-base driving simulator was used to measure choice of speed and lateral position in combination with stress (heart rate measure) and eye tracking. The data were supplemented with questionnaires. Eighteen test drivers (8 men and 10 women) with a mean age of 37 were recruited. The test drivers were exposed to different new and old types of landscape objects such as 19th century church, wind turbine, 17th century milestone and bus stop, placed at different distances from the road driven. The findings are in some respect contradictory, but it was concluded that that 33% of the test drivers felt stressed during the drive. All test drivers said that they had felt calm at times during the drive but the reason for this was only to a minor degree connected with old and modern objects. The open landscape was experienced as conducive to acceleration. Most objects were, to a small degree, experienced (subjective data) as having a speed-reducing effect, much in line with the simulator data (objective data). Objects close to the road affected the drivers’ choice of’ lateral position. No significant differences could be observed concerning the test drivers’ gaze between old or modern objects, but a significant difference was observed between the test drivers’ gaze between road stretches with faraway objects and stretches without objects. No meaningful, significant differences were found for the drivers’ stress levels as measured by heart rate. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Visual perception, Emotional bond, Place, Questionnaires, Electrocardiogram (ECG), Eye tracking
in
Accident Analysis and Prevention
volume
62
pages
168 - 177
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84886995012
ISSN
1879-2057
DOI
10.1016/j.aap.2013.09.021
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0c0f736f-b2ba-4f00-913f-3d54b84f5999 (old id 5147594)
alternative location
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2013.09.021
date added to LUP
2015-03-04 13:38:05
date last changed
2017-10-08 03:19:52
@article{0c0f736f-b2ba-4f00-913f-3d54b84f5999,
  abstract     = {According to the literature, landscape (panoramas, heritage objects e.g. landmarks) affects people in various ways. Data are primarily developed by asking people (interviews, photo sessions, focus groups) about their preferences, but to a lesser degree by measuring how the body reacts to such objects. Personal experience while driving a car through a landscape is even more rare. In this paper we study how different types of objects in the landscape affect drivers during their drive. A high-fidelity moving-base driving simulator was used to measure choice of speed and lateral position in combination with stress (heart rate measure) and eye tracking. The data were supplemented with questionnaires. Eighteen test drivers (8 men and 10 women) with a mean age of 37 were recruited. The test drivers were exposed to different new and old types of landscape objects such as 19th century church, wind turbine, 17th century milestone and bus stop, placed at different distances from the road driven. The findings are in some respect contradictory, but it was concluded that that 33% of the test drivers felt stressed during the drive. All test drivers said that they had felt calm at times during the drive but the reason for this was only to a minor degree connected with old and modern objects. The open landscape was experienced as conducive to acceleration. Most objects were, to a small degree, experienced (subjective data) as having a speed-reducing effect, much in line with the simulator data (objective data). Objects close to the road affected the drivers’ choice of’ lateral position. No significant differences could be observed concerning the test drivers’ gaze between old or modern objects, but a significant difference was observed between the test drivers’ gaze between road stretches with faraway objects and stretches without objects. No meaningful, significant differences were found for the drivers’ stress levels as measured by heart rate.},
  author       = {Antonson, Hans and Ahlström, Christer and Wiklund, Mats and Blomqvist, Göran and Mårdh, Selina},
  issn         = {1879-2057},
  keyword      = {Visual perception,Emotional bond,Place,Questionnaires,Electrocardiogram (ECG),Eye tracking},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {168--177},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Accident Analysis and Prevention},
  title        = {Landscape heritage objects' effect on driving: a combined driving simulator and questionnaire study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2013.09.021},
  volume       = {62},
  year         = {2014},
}