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A Virtual Reality Experiment on Flashing Lights at Emergency Exit Portals for Road Tunnel Evacuation

Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Nilsson, Daniel LU ; Kojić, Saša; Eriksson, Joakim LU ; Lovreglio, Ruggiero; Modig, Henric and Lindgren Walter, Anders (2016) In Fire Technology 52(3). p.623-647
Abstract
A virtual reality (VR) experiment with 96 participants was carried out to provide recommendations on the design of flashing lights at emergency exit portals for road tunnel emergency evacuation. The experiment was carried out in a Cave Automatic Virtual Environment laboratory. A set of variables was investigated, namely (1) colour of flashing lights, (2) flashing rate, (3) type of light source, (4) number and layout of the lights on the portal. Participants were immersed in a VR road tunnel emergency evacuation scenario and they were then asked to rank different portal designs using a questionnaire based on the Theory of Affordances. Results show that green or white flashing lights perform better than blue lights. A flashing rate of 1 and... (More)
A virtual reality (VR) experiment with 96 participants was carried out to provide recommendations on the design of flashing lights at emergency exit portals for road tunnel emergency evacuation. The experiment was carried out in a Cave Automatic Virtual Environment laboratory. A set of variables was investigated, namely (1) colour of flashing lights, (2) flashing rate, (3) type of light source, (4) number and layout of the lights on the portal. Participants were immersed in a VR road tunnel emergency evacuation scenario and they were then asked to rank different portal designs using a questionnaire based on the Theory of Affordances. Results show that green or white flashing lights perform better than blue lights. A flashing rate of 1 and 4 Hz performed better than a flashing rate of 0.25 Hz. A light emitting diode light source performed better than single and double strobe lights. The three layouts of the lights under consideration performed similarly. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Virtual reality, Emergency evacuation, Tunnel evacuation, Flashing lights, Theory of affordances, Emergency exit
in
Fire Technology
volume
52
issue
3
pages
623 - 647
publisher
Kluwer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84923337434
  • wos:000373148200003
ISSN
0015-2684
DOI
10.1007/s10694-015-0462-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a7d14827-700c-4d61-b3a0-2b107e70700f (old id 5154135)
date added to LUP
2015-03-16 14:59:43
date last changed
2017-11-19 04:18:38
@article{a7d14827-700c-4d61-b3a0-2b107e70700f,
  abstract     = {A virtual reality (VR) experiment with 96 participants was carried out to provide recommendations on the design of flashing lights at emergency exit portals for road tunnel emergency evacuation. The experiment was carried out in a Cave Automatic Virtual Environment laboratory. A set of variables was investigated, namely (1) colour of flashing lights, (2) flashing rate, (3) type of light source, (4) number and layout of the lights on the portal. Participants were immersed in a VR road tunnel emergency evacuation scenario and they were then asked to rank different portal designs using a questionnaire based on the Theory of Affordances. Results show that green or white flashing lights perform better than blue lights. A flashing rate of 1 and 4 Hz performed better than a flashing rate of 0.25 Hz. A light emitting diode light source performed better than single and double strobe lights. The three layouts of the lights under consideration performed similarly.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Nilsson, Daniel and Kojić, Saša and Eriksson, Joakim and Lovreglio, Ruggiero and Modig, Henric and Lindgren Walter, Anders},
  issn         = {0015-2684},
  keyword      = {Virtual reality,Emergency evacuation,Tunnel evacuation,Flashing lights,Theory of affordances,Emergency exit},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {623--647},
  publisher    = {Kluwer},
  series       = {Fire Technology},
  title        = {A Virtual Reality Experiment on Flashing Lights at Emergency Exit Portals for Road Tunnel Evacuation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-015-0462-5},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2016},
}