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Polytraumatization in an adult national sample and its association with psychological distress and self-esteem

Nilsson, Doris; Dahlström, Örjan; Priebe, Gisela LU and Svedin, Carl Göran LU (2014) In Brain and Behavior 5(1). p.00298-00298
Abstract
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of selfreported experiences of potential childhood traumas and polytraumatization,

and to find cut-off values for different kinds of potential traumatic events in a

national representative sample of adults in Sweden. In addition, to analyse the

association between polytraumatization and both psychological distress and global self-esteem. Method: A web-based survey - containing SCL-25 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Linköping Difficult Life Events Scale - Adult - was

sent out to a nationally reprative sample and 5062 people chose to participate

in the study. Results: Results showed that almost everyone (97%) has experienced... (More)
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of selfreported experiences of potential childhood traumas and polytraumatization,

and to find cut-off values for different kinds of potential traumatic events in a

national representative sample of adults in Sweden. In addition, to analyse the

association between polytraumatization and both psychological distress and global self-esteem. Method: A web-based survey - containing SCL-25 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Linköping Difficult Life Events Scale - Adult - was

sent out to a nationally reprative sample and 5062 people chose to participate

in the study. Results: Results showed that almost everyone (97%) has experienced at least one potential traumatic event and that polytraumatization (the

10% of the participants with most reported traumas) was significantly

( Z = 12.57, P < 0.001, r = 0.18) associated with psychological distress and global self-esteem. Gender differences were significant (Z = 8.44, P < 0.001,

r = 0.12), in that men experience more noninterpersonal traumas but women

report more symptoms. The effect sizes regarding the impact of potential

trauma on self-esteem were largest for women with experience of polytraumatization in the age group 18–25 (r = 0.48). There was almost linear increase in

psychological distress and linear decrease in self-esteem with increasing number

of traumatic events experienced. Conclusion: Experience of polytrauma can be

considered an important factor to take into account in psychiatric settings as

well. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
submitted
subject
keywords
adults, anxiety, depression, polytraumatization, self-esteem
in
Brain and Behavior
volume
5
issue
1
pages
00298 - 00298
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • scopus:84922688164
ISSN
2162-3279
DOI
10.1002/brb3.298
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
5988fd0c-1ab2-4b97-a559-01a4097c1136 (old id 5154230)
date added to LUP
2015-03-16 14:11:56
date last changed
2017-08-13 04:12:10
@article{5988fd0c-1ab2-4b97-a559-01a4097c1136,
  abstract     = {Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of selfreported experiences of potential childhood traumas and polytraumatization,<br/><br>
and to find cut-off values for different kinds of potential traumatic events in a<br/><br>
national representative sample of adults in Sweden. In addition, to analyse the<br/><br>
association between polytraumatization and both psychological distress and global self-esteem. Method: A web-based survey - containing SCL-25 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Linköping Difficult Life Events Scale - Adult - was<br/><br>
sent out to a nationally reprative sample and 5062 people chose to participate<br/><br>
in the study. Results: Results showed that almost everyone (97%) has experienced at least one potential traumatic event and that polytraumatization (the<br/><br>
10% of the participants with most reported traumas) was significantly<br/><br>
( Z = 12.57, P &lt; 0.001, r = 0.18) associated with psychological distress and global self-esteem. Gender differences were significant (Z = 8.44, P &lt; 0.001,<br/><br>
r = 0.12), in that men experience more noninterpersonal traumas but women<br/><br>
report more symptoms. The effect sizes regarding the impact of potential<br/><br>
trauma on self-esteem were largest for women with experience of polytraumatization in the age group 18–25 (r = 0.48). There was almost linear increase in<br/><br>
psychological distress and linear decrease in self-esteem with increasing number<br/><br>
of traumatic events experienced. Conclusion: Experience of polytrauma can be<br/><br>
considered an important factor to take into account in psychiatric settings as<br/><br>
well.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Doris and Dahlström, Örjan and Priebe, Gisela and Svedin, Carl Göran},
  issn         = {2162-3279},
  keyword      = {adults,anxiety,depression,polytraumatization,self-esteem},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {00298--00298},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Brain and Behavior},
  title        = {Polytraumatization in an adult national sample and its association with psychological distress and self-esteem},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.298},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2014},
}