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Activating Women in the Swedish Model

Lundqvist, Åsa LU (2015) In Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society 22(1). p.111-132
Abstract (Swedish)
The 1960s marked the beginning of a new era of family and gender relations in Sweden. It was a time when traditional values and ideas concerning the family were questioned and redefined in policymaking. The Women's movement and political radicalization underpinned the emergence of gender equality policy ambitions, culminating in several gender neutral reforms in the 1970s. These policy ambitions coincided with the introduction of active labour market policies. In fact, the introduction of activation policies contributed already in the 1960s to incentivizing various groups to enter the labour force, among others married women without gainful employment. In this article, the National Labour Market Board is investigated as an active agent in... (More)
The 1960s marked the beginning of a new era of family and gender relations in Sweden. It was a time when traditional values and ideas concerning the family were questioned and redefined in policymaking. The Women's movement and political radicalization underpinned the emergence of gender equality policy ambitions, culminating in several gender neutral reforms in the 1970s. These policy ambitions coincided with the introduction of active labour market policies. In fact, the introduction of activation policies contributed already in the 1960s to incentivizing various groups to enter the labour force, among others married women without gainful employment. In this article, the National Labour Market Board is investigated as an active agent in a time when women's participation in the labour market increased dramatically. Attention is drawn to how activation policies were established, designed, and performed in order to enable women to do paid work. Three examples of how activation was accomplished will be presented: first, vocational training for women, second, a radio programme from 1966 called “The Housewife Changing her Profession”, and, third, the work done by a group of civil servants labelled activating inspectors. The empirical data are grounded in a comprehensive body of qualitative material amassed from in-depth interviews with former civil servants working within the National Labour Market Board and archive material. The results suggest that activation programmes in the 1960s functioned as a link between the ambition to increase female labour market participation to secure economic growth and to support women's economic independence. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society
volume
22
issue
1
pages
111 - 132
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000351516500005
  • scopus:84924612873
ISSN
1072-4745
DOI
10.1093/sp/jxu025
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f95993c0-7263-472c-8720-c3f9da65e42e (old id 5154462)
date added to LUP
2015-03-16 15:41:28
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:55:33
@article{f95993c0-7263-472c-8720-c3f9da65e42e,
  abstract     = {The 1960s marked the beginning of a new era of family and gender relations in Sweden. It was a time when traditional values and ideas concerning the family were questioned and redefined in policymaking. The Women's movement and political radicalization underpinned the emergence of gender equality policy ambitions, culminating in several gender neutral reforms in the 1970s. These policy ambitions coincided with the introduction of active labour market policies. In fact, the introduction of activation policies contributed already in the 1960s to incentivizing various groups to enter the labour force, among others married women without gainful employment. In this article, the National Labour Market Board is investigated as an active agent in a time when women's participation in the labour market increased dramatically. Attention is drawn to how activation policies were established, designed, and performed in order to enable women to do paid work. Three examples of how activation was accomplished will be presented: first, vocational training for women, second, a radio programme from 1966 called “The Housewife Changing her Profession”, and, third, the work done by a group of civil servants labelled activating inspectors. The empirical data are grounded in a comprehensive body of qualitative material amassed from in-depth interviews with former civil servants working within the National Labour Market Board and archive material. The results suggest that activation programmes in the 1960s functioned as a link between the ambition to increase female labour market participation to secure economic growth and to support women's economic independence.},
  author       = {Lundqvist, Åsa},
  issn         = {1072-4745},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {111--132},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society},
  title        = {Activating Women in the Swedish Model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxu025},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2015},
}