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Reduced Growth of Soybean Seedlings After Exposure to Weak Microwave Radiation From GSM 900 Mobile Phone and Base Station

Halgamuge, Malka N.; Yak, See Kye and Eberhardt, Jacob LU (2015) In Bioelectromagnetics 36(2). p.87-95
Abstract
The aim of this work was to study possible effects of environmental radiation pollution on plants. The association between cellular telephone (short duration, higher amplitude) and base station (long duration, very low amplitude) radiation exposure and the growth rate of soybean (Glycine max) seedlings was investigated. Soybean seedlings, pre-grown for 4 days, were exposed in a gigahertz transverse electromagnetic cell for 2h to global system for mobile communication (GSM) mobile phone pulsed radiation or continuous wave (CW) radiation at 900MHz with amplitudes of 5.7 and 41Vm(-1), and outgrowth was studied one week after exposure. The exposure to higher amplitude (41Vm(-1)) GSM radiation resulted in diminished outgrowth of the epicotyl.... (More)
The aim of this work was to study possible effects of environmental radiation pollution on plants. The association between cellular telephone (short duration, higher amplitude) and base station (long duration, very low amplitude) radiation exposure and the growth rate of soybean (Glycine max) seedlings was investigated. Soybean seedlings, pre-grown for 4 days, were exposed in a gigahertz transverse electromagnetic cell for 2h to global system for mobile communication (GSM) mobile phone pulsed radiation or continuous wave (CW) radiation at 900MHz with amplitudes of 5.7 and 41Vm(-1), and outgrowth was studied one week after exposure. The exposure to higher amplitude (41Vm(-1)) GSM radiation resulted in diminished outgrowth of the epicotyl. The exposure to lower amplitude (5.7Vm(-1)) GSM radiation did not influence outgrowth of epicotyl, hypocotyls, or roots. The exposure to higher amplitude CW radiation resulted in reduced outgrowth of the roots whereas lower CW exposure resulted in a reduced outgrowth of the hypocotyl. Soybean seedlings were also exposed for 5 days to an extremely low level of radiation (GSM 900MHz, 0.56Vm(-1)) and outgrowth was studied 2 days later. Growth of epicotyl and hypocotyl was found to be reduced, whereas the outgrowth of roots was stimulated. Our findings indicate that the observed effects were significantly dependent on field strength as well as amplitude modulation of the applied field. Bioelectromagnetics. 36:87-95, 2015. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
mobile phones, base station, radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, soybean seedling growth
in
Bioelectromagnetics
volume
36
issue
2
pages
87 - 95
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000349650400001
  • scopus:84922777652
ISSN
0197-8462
DOI
10.1002/BEM.21890
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4ac641a1-e856-41bd-a2fa-4f6a266c1f03 (old id 5175935)
date added to LUP
2015-04-01 07:37:41
date last changed
2017-09-03 03:35:16
@article{4ac641a1-e856-41bd-a2fa-4f6a266c1f03,
  abstract     = {The aim of this work was to study possible effects of environmental radiation pollution on plants. The association between cellular telephone (short duration, higher amplitude) and base station (long duration, very low amplitude) radiation exposure and the growth rate of soybean (Glycine max) seedlings was investigated. Soybean seedlings, pre-grown for 4 days, were exposed in a gigahertz transverse electromagnetic cell for 2h to global system for mobile communication (GSM) mobile phone pulsed radiation or continuous wave (CW) radiation at 900MHz with amplitudes of 5.7 and 41Vm(-1), and outgrowth was studied one week after exposure. The exposure to higher amplitude (41Vm(-1)) GSM radiation resulted in diminished outgrowth of the epicotyl. The exposure to lower amplitude (5.7Vm(-1)) GSM radiation did not influence outgrowth of epicotyl, hypocotyls, or roots. The exposure to higher amplitude CW radiation resulted in reduced outgrowth of the roots whereas lower CW exposure resulted in a reduced outgrowth of the hypocotyl. Soybean seedlings were also exposed for 5 days to an extremely low level of radiation (GSM 900MHz, 0.56Vm(-1)) and outgrowth was studied 2 days later. Growth of epicotyl and hypocotyl was found to be reduced, whereas the outgrowth of roots was stimulated. Our findings indicate that the observed effects were significantly dependent on field strength as well as amplitude modulation of the applied field. Bioelectromagnetics. 36:87-95, 2015. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.},
  author       = {Halgamuge, Malka N. and Yak, See Kye and Eberhardt, Jacob},
  issn         = {0197-8462},
  keyword      = {mobile phones,base station,radiofrequency electromagnetic fields,soybean seedling growth},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {87--95},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Bioelectromagnetics},
  title        = {Reduced Growth of Soybean Seedlings After Exposure to Weak Microwave Radiation From GSM 900 Mobile Phone and Base Station},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/BEM.21890},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2015},
}