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Implications of Arctic Sea Ice Decline for the Earth System

Bhatt, Uma S.; Walker, Donald A.; Walsh, John E.; Carmack, Eddy C.; Frey, Karen E.; Meier, Walter N.; Moore, Sue E.; Parmentier, Frans-Jan LU ; Post, Eric and Romanovsky, Vladimir E., et al. (2014) In Annual Review Environment and Resources 39. p.57-57
Abstract
Arctic sea ice decline has led to an amplification of surface warming and is projected to continue to decline from anthropogenic forcing, although the exact timing of ice-free summers is uncertain owing to large natural variability. Sea ice reductions affect surface heating patterns and the atmospheric pressure distribution, which may alter midlatitude extreme weather patterns. Increased light penetration and nutrient availability during spring from earlier ice breakup enhances primary production in the Arctic Ocean and its adjacent shelf seas. Ice-obligate marine mammals may be losers, whereas seasonally migrant species may be winners from rapid sea ice decline. Tundra greening is occurring across most of the Arctic, driven primarily by... (More)
Arctic sea ice decline has led to an amplification of surface warming and is projected to continue to decline from anthropogenic forcing, although the exact timing of ice-free summers is uncertain owing to large natural variability. Sea ice reductions affect surface heating patterns and the atmospheric pressure distribution, which may alter midlatitude extreme weather patterns. Increased light penetration and nutrient availability during spring from earlier ice breakup enhances primary production in the Arctic Ocean and its adjacent shelf seas. Ice-obligate marine mammals may be losers, whereas seasonally migrant species may be winners from rapid sea ice decline. Tundra greening is occurring across most of the Arctic, driven primarily by warming temperatures, and is displaying complex spatial patterns that are likely tied to other factors. Sea ice changes are affecting greenhouse gas exchanges as well as halogen chemistry in the Arctic. This review highlights the heterogeneous nature of Arctic change, which is vital for researchers to better understand. (Less)
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keywords
sea ice impacts, tundra vegetation, polar chemistry, polar greenhouse, gas exchanges, Arctic marine mammals, Arctic Ocean primary productivity
in
Annual Review Environment and Resources
volume
39
pages
57 - 57
publisher
Annual Reviews
external identifiers
  • wos:000348446900004
  • scopus:84908030629
ISSN
1545-2050
DOI
10.1146/annurev-environ-122012-094357
language
English
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yes
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206d7882-856c-4c10-8a0a-912c768be19f (old id 5185945)
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2015-03-31 08:06:40
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2017-11-05 03:08:52
@article{206d7882-856c-4c10-8a0a-912c768be19f,
  abstract     = {Arctic sea ice decline has led to an amplification of surface warming and is projected to continue to decline from anthropogenic forcing, although the exact timing of ice-free summers is uncertain owing to large natural variability. Sea ice reductions affect surface heating patterns and the atmospheric pressure distribution, which may alter midlatitude extreme weather patterns. Increased light penetration and nutrient availability during spring from earlier ice breakup enhances primary production in the Arctic Ocean and its adjacent shelf seas. Ice-obligate marine mammals may be losers, whereas seasonally migrant species may be winners from rapid sea ice decline. Tundra greening is occurring across most of the Arctic, driven primarily by warming temperatures, and is displaying complex spatial patterns that are likely tied to other factors. Sea ice changes are affecting greenhouse gas exchanges as well as halogen chemistry in the Arctic. This review highlights the heterogeneous nature of Arctic change, which is vital for researchers to better understand.},
  author       = {Bhatt, Uma S. and Walker, Donald A. and Walsh, John E. and Carmack, Eddy C. and Frey, Karen E. and Meier, Walter N. and Moore, Sue E. and Parmentier, Frans-Jan and Post, Eric and Romanovsky, Vladimir E. and Simpson, William R.},
  issn         = {1545-2050},
  keyword      = {sea ice impacts,tundra vegetation,polar chemistry,polar greenhouse,gas exchanges,Arctic marine mammals,Arctic Ocean primary productivity},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {57--57},
  publisher    = {Annual Reviews},
  series       = {Annual Review Environment and Resources},
  title        = {Implications of Arctic Sea Ice Decline for the Earth System},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-122012-094357},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2014},
}