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Anaerobes in industrial- and environmental biotechnology

Hatti-Kaul, Rajni LU and Mattiasson, Bo LU (2016) In Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology 156. p.1-33
Abstract

Anaerobic microorganisms present in diverse ecological niches employ alternative strategies for energy conservation in the absence of oxygen which enables them to play a key role in maintaining the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, and the breakdown of persistent compounds. Thereby they become useful tools in industrial and environmental biotechnology. Although anaerobes have been relatively neglected in comparison to their aerobic counterparts, with increasing knowledge about their diversity and metabolic potential and the development of genetic tools and process technologies to utilize them, we now see a rapid expansion of their applications in the society. This chapter summarizes some of the developments in the use of... (More)

Anaerobic microorganisms present in diverse ecological niches employ alternative strategies for energy conservation in the absence of oxygen which enables them to play a key role in maintaining the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, and the breakdown of persistent compounds. Thereby they become useful tools in industrial and environmental biotechnology. Although anaerobes have been relatively neglected in comparison to their aerobic counterparts, with increasing knowledge about their diversity and metabolic potential and the development of genetic tools and process technologies to utilize them, we now see a rapid expansion of their applications in the society. This chapter summarizes some of the developments in the use of anaerobes as tools for biomass valorization, in production of energy carriers and chemicals, wastewater treatment, and the strong potential in soil remediation. The ability of several autotrophic anaerobes to reduce carbon dioxide is attracting growing attention as a means for developing a platform for conversion of waste gases to chemicals, materials, and biofuels.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Anaerobic fermentation, Anaerobic respiration, Anammox process, Biofuels, Glycerol fermentation, Heavy metal removal, Nitrogen removal, Sulfate reducing bacteria
in
Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology
volume
156
pages
1 - 33
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84997514600
  • wos:000395374400002
ISSN
0724-6145
DOI
10.1007/10_2016_10
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
51a75e65-bd41-4fba-85e8-e5871c3af11d
date added to LUP
2017-01-25 11:58:03
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:33:50
@article{51a75e65-bd41-4fba-85e8-e5871c3af11d,
  abstract     = {<p>Anaerobic microorganisms present in diverse ecological niches employ alternative strategies for energy conservation in the absence of oxygen which enables them to play a key role in maintaining the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, and the breakdown of persistent compounds. Thereby they become useful tools in industrial and environmental biotechnology. Although anaerobes have been relatively neglected in comparison to their aerobic counterparts, with increasing knowledge about their diversity and metabolic potential and the development of genetic tools and process technologies to utilize them, we now see a rapid expansion of their applications in the society. This chapter summarizes some of the developments in the use of anaerobes as tools for biomass valorization, in production of energy carriers and chemicals, wastewater treatment, and the strong potential in soil remediation. The ability of several autotrophic anaerobes to reduce carbon dioxide is attracting growing attention as a means for developing a platform for conversion of waste gases to chemicals, materials, and biofuels.</p>},
  author       = {Hatti-Kaul, Rajni and Mattiasson, Bo},
  issn         = {0724-6145},
  keyword      = {Anaerobic fermentation,Anaerobic respiration,Anammox process,Biofuels,Glycerol fermentation,Heavy metal removal,Nitrogen removal,Sulfate reducing bacteria},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  pages        = {1--33},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology},
  title        = {Anaerobes in industrial- and environmental biotechnology},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/10_2016_10},
  volume       = {156},
  year         = {2016},
}