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Framing the Basic Income : An Experimental Study of How Arguments and Metaphors Influence Individuals' Opinion Formation

Legein, Thomas; Vandeleene, Audrey LU ; Randour, François; Heyvaert, Pauline; Perrez, Julien and Reuchamps, Min (2018) In Basic Income Studies
Abstract

Using an experimental design, this paper tackles the question of the framing impact of metaphors by focusing on the opportunity to implement a basic income (BI) system in a given polity. We take advantage of the preliminary stage of the BI debate in Belgium to study the influence of discursive strategies on the opinion formation process of individuals, since carefully choosing the arguments employed to address this question can help increase its psychological feasibility. Our experiment aims at determining to what extent the confrontation of individuals to metaphors illustrating the BI system impacts the way they apprehend its implementation. We show that very light variations in an informative text can induce major differences in the... (More)

Using an experimental design, this paper tackles the question of the framing impact of metaphors by focusing on the opportunity to implement a basic income (BI) system in a given polity. We take advantage of the preliminary stage of the BI debate in Belgium to study the influence of discursive strategies on the opinion formation process of individuals, since carefully choosing the arguments employed to address this question can help increase its psychological feasibility. Our experiment aims at determining to what extent the confrontation of individuals to metaphors illustrating the BI system impacts the way they apprehend its implementation. We show that very light variations in an informative text can induce major differences in the opinion formation process of the participants. BI proponents should thus pay attention to which metaphors are put forward in the public debate, as this could modify its outcome.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
basic income, experiment, framing, metaphors, political discourse
in
Basic Income Studies
publisher
Walter De Gruyter
external identifiers
  • scopus:85058776551
ISSN
2194-6094
DOI
10.1515/bis-2018-0010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
51d38b25-7991-4ea0-a069-065a97704a7e
date added to LUP
2019-01-07 14:26:15
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:41:52
@article{51d38b25-7991-4ea0-a069-065a97704a7e,
  abstract     = {<p>Using an experimental design, this paper tackles the question of the framing impact of metaphors by focusing on the opportunity to implement a basic income (BI) system in a given polity. We take advantage of the preliminary stage of the BI debate in Belgium to study the influence of discursive strategies on the opinion formation process of individuals, since carefully choosing the arguments employed to address this question can help increase its psychological feasibility. Our experiment aims at determining to what extent the confrontation of individuals to metaphors illustrating the BI system impacts the way they apprehend its implementation. We show that very light variations in an informative text can induce major differences in the opinion formation process of the participants. BI proponents should thus pay attention to which metaphors are put forward in the public debate, as this could modify its outcome.</p>},
  author       = {Legein, Thomas and Vandeleene, Audrey and Randour, François and Heyvaert, Pauline and Perrez, Julien and Reuchamps, Min},
  issn         = {2194-6094},
  keyword      = {basic income,experiment,framing,metaphors,political discourse},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  publisher    = {Walter De Gruyter},
  series       = {Basic Income Studies},
  title        = {Framing the Basic Income : An Experimental Study of How Arguments and Metaphors Influence Individuals' Opinion Formation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bis-2018-0010},
  year         = {2018},
}