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Can physical activity be used as a tool to reduce depression in patients after a cardiac event? What is the evidence? A systematic literature study.

Janzon, Ellis LU ; Abidi, Taha and Bahtsevani, Christel (2015) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 56(2). p.175-181
Abstract
A reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has been reported in the Western world, but post-infarction depression often occurs and is related to poor medical outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the scientific literature by a systematic review, in order to find evidence for whether physical activity can be a tool to reduce depression in patients who have suffered a cardiac event. Three databases were systematically searched (PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane), and the GRADE protocol was used in combination with a revised Amstar-protocol for the systematic review. Scientific reports fitting the area were scarce. Finally, ten studies were included in this study: one meta-analysis, five randomized controlled trials,... (More)
A reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has been reported in the Western world, but post-infarction depression often occurs and is related to poor medical outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the scientific literature by a systematic review, in order to find evidence for whether physical activity can be a tool to reduce depression in patients who have suffered a cardiac event. Three databases were systematically searched (PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane), and the GRADE protocol was used in combination with a revised Amstar-protocol for the systematic review. Scientific reports fitting the area were scarce. Finally, ten studies were included in this study: one meta-analysis, five randomized controlled trials, and four clinical trials. The results showed low to moderate evidence for the use of low to moderate levels of exercise as a tool to reduce depression in post-coronary artery event patients. This study concluded positive effects of physical activity as a tool to reduce depression in post-coronary artery event patients. Physiotherapists could be further involved in increasing physical activity after cardiac events. More studies are needed in the area. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
56
issue
2
pages
175 - 181
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • PMID:25756318
  • Scopus:84925128129
ISSN
1467-9450
DOI
10.1111/sjop.12190
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3febab52-1a1d-416c-9ad1-91c949d7b9cd (old id 5264835)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25756318?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2015-04-02 18:25:02
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:49:12
@article{3febab52-1a1d-416c-9ad1-91c949d7b9cd,
  abstract     = {A reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has been reported in the Western world, but post-infarction depression often occurs and is related to poor medical outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the scientific literature by a systematic review, in order to find evidence for whether physical activity can be a tool to reduce depression in patients who have suffered a cardiac event. Three databases were systematically searched (PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane), and the GRADE protocol was used in combination with a revised Amstar-protocol for the systematic review. Scientific reports fitting the area were scarce. Finally, ten studies were included in this study: one meta-analysis, five randomized controlled trials, and four clinical trials. The results showed low to moderate evidence for the use of low to moderate levels of exercise as a tool to reduce depression in post-coronary artery event patients. This study concluded positive effects of physical activity as a tool to reduce depression in post-coronary artery event patients. Physiotherapists could be further involved in increasing physical activity after cardiac events. More studies are needed in the area.},
  author       = {Janzon, Ellis and Abidi, Taha and Bahtsevani, Christel},
  issn         = {1467-9450},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {175--181},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Can physical activity be used as a tool to reduce depression in patients after a cardiac event? What is the evidence? A systematic literature study.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12190},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2015},
}