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Quality issues in georeferencing : From physical collections to digital data repositories for ecological research

Marcer, Arnald ; Haston, Elspeth ; Groom, Quentin ; Ariño, Arturo H. ; Chapman, Arthur D. ; Bakken, Torkild ; Braun, Paul ; Dillen, Mathias ; Ernst, Marcus and Escobar, Agustí , et al. (2021) In Diversity and Distributions 27(3). p.564-567
Abstract

Natural history collections constitute an enormous wealth of information of Life on Earth. It is estimated that over 2 billion specimens are preserved at institutions worldwide, of which less than 10% are accessible via biodiversity data aggregators such as GBIF. Moreover, they are a very important resource for eco-evolutionary research, which greatly depends on knowing the precise location where the specimens were collected in order to characterize the environment in which they lived. Yet, only about 55% of the accessible records are georeferenced and only 31% have coordinate uncertainty information, which is critical for conducting rigorous studies. The awareness of this gap of knowledge which hinders the enormous potential of such... (More)

Natural history collections constitute an enormous wealth of information of Life on Earth. It is estimated that over 2 billion specimens are preserved at institutions worldwide, of which less than 10% are accessible via biodiversity data aggregators such as GBIF. Moreover, they are a very important resource for eco-evolutionary research, which greatly depends on knowing the precise location where the specimens were collected in order to characterize the environment in which they lived. Yet, only about 55% of the accessible records are georeferenced and only 31% have coordinate uncertainty information, which is critical for conducting rigorous studies. The awareness of this gap of knowledge which hinders the enormous potential of such data in research led to the organization of a workshop which brought together key players in georeferencing of natural history collections. The discussion and outcomes of this workshop are here presented.

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@article{532829a3-6133-4e53-bbe8-23b2bf17e5e9,
  abstract     = {<p>Natural history collections constitute an enormous wealth of information of Life on Earth. It is estimated that over 2 billion specimens are preserved at institutions worldwide, of which less than 10% are accessible via biodiversity data aggregators such as GBIF. Moreover, they are a very important resource for eco-evolutionary research, which greatly depends on knowing the precise location where the specimens were collected in order to characterize the environment in which they lived. Yet, only about 55% of the accessible records are georeferenced and only 31% have coordinate uncertainty information, which is critical for conducting rigorous studies. The awareness of this gap of knowledge which hinders the enormous potential of such data in research led to the organization of a workshop which brought together key players in georeferencing of natural history collections. The discussion and outcomes of this workshop are here presented.</p>},
  author       = {Marcer, Arnald and Haston, Elspeth and Groom, Quentin and Ariño, Arturo H. and Chapman, Arthur D. and Bakken, Torkild and Braun, Paul and Dillen, Mathias and Ernst, Marcus and Escobar, Agustí and Fichtmüller, David and Livermore, Laurence and Nicolson, Nicky and Paragamian, Kaloust and Paul, Deborah and Pettersson, Lars B. and Phillips, Sarah and Plummer, Jack and Rainer, Heimo and Rey, Isabel and Robertson, Tim and Röpert, Dominik and Santos, Joaquim and Uribe, Francesc and Wieczorek, John R.},
  issn         = {1366-9516},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {564--567},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Diversity and Distributions},
  title        = {Quality issues in georeferencing : From physical collections to digital data repositories for ecological research},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13208},
  doi          = {10.1111/ddi.13208},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2021},
}