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The Tragedy of the Commoners: The Decline of the Customary Marine Tenure System of Tonga

Malm, Thomas LU (2001)
Abstract
The breakdown of traditional marine tenure systems and overexploitation of marine organisms as a result of rapid modernization, urbanization and population growth in the case of Tonga is outlined. The customary marine tenure system is described and the threats against the coral reefs are discussed. It is shown how accumulative strategies correlate with the move toward overexploitation. It is argued that biodiversity, ethnobiology and biodiversity conservation should increasingly serve as a focus of teaching research and community outreach programmes for a better understanding and appreciation of biodiversity and its role as a foundation for environmental sustainable development. The need for considering the possibility of exclusion under... (More)
The breakdown of traditional marine tenure systems and overexploitation of marine organisms as a result of rapid modernization, urbanization and population growth in the case of Tonga is outlined. The customary marine tenure system is described and the threats against the coral reefs are discussed. It is shown how accumulative strategies correlate with the move toward overexploitation. It is argued that biodiversity, ethnobiology and biodiversity conservation should increasingly serve as a focus of teaching research and community outreach programmes for a better understanding and appreciation of biodiversity and its role as a foundation for environmental sustainable development. The need for considering the possibility of exclusion under communal property regimes, rather than assuming that common property is the same as open access, is emphasized. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
unpublished
subject
keywords
Tonga, Aquaculture, Kingdom of Tonga, Tragedy of the Commons, Common properties
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ff9669df-9852-4d0e-bfca-55fdc5a7e0c5 (old id 534696)
alternative location
http://www.sasnet.lu.se/malmpaper.pdf
date added to LUP
2007-09-24 08:52:33
date last changed
2016-08-16 15:43:47
@misc{ff9669df-9852-4d0e-bfca-55fdc5a7e0c5,
  abstract     = {The breakdown of traditional marine tenure systems and overexploitation of marine organisms as a result of rapid modernization, urbanization and population growth in the case of Tonga is outlined. The customary marine tenure system is described and the threats against the coral reefs are discussed. It is shown how accumulative strategies correlate with the move toward overexploitation. It is argued that biodiversity, ethnobiology and biodiversity conservation should increasingly serve as a focus of teaching research and community outreach programmes for a better understanding and appreciation of biodiversity and its role as a foundation for environmental sustainable development. The need for considering the possibility of exclusion under communal property regimes, rather than assuming that common property is the same as open access, is emphasized.},
  author       = {Malm, Thomas},
  keyword      = {Tonga,Aquaculture,Kingdom of Tonga,Tragedy of the Commons,Common properties},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {The Tragedy of the Commoners: The Decline of the Customary Marine Tenure System of Tonga},
  year         = {2001},
}