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Impact of Organized Sports on Activity, Participation, and Quality of Life in People With Neurologic Disabilities.

Sahlin, Barbara LU and Lexell, Jan LU (2015) In PM&R 7(10). p.1081-1088
Abstract
Physical activity and exercise is the mainstay of chronic disease prevention and health maintenance for all people with and without a disability, and clear evidence exists of the benefits among various populations with neurologic disabilities. However, the potential benefits of organized sports for people with neurologic disabilities are not as well explored. In this narrative review, current evidence regarding the impact of organized sports on activity, participation, and quality of life in people with neurologic disabilities of all ages is summarized, and facilitators of and barriers to participation in sports for this population are discussed. The articles reviewed were divided into 2 sets: (1) children and adolescents and (2) adults.... (More)
Physical activity and exercise is the mainstay of chronic disease prevention and health maintenance for all people with and without a disability, and clear evidence exists of the benefits among various populations with neurologic disabilities. However, the potential benefits of organized sports for people with neurologic disabilities are not as well explored. In this narrative review, current evidence regarding the impact of organized sports on activity, participation, and quality of life in people with neurologic disabilities of all ages is summarized, and facilitators of and barriers to participation in sports for this population are discussed. The articles reviewed were divided into 2 sets: (1) children and adolescents and (2) adults. The subjects of almost all of the studies were persons with a spinal cord injury. Children and adolescents with a disability who engaged in sports reported self-concept scores close to those of able-bodied athletes, as well as higher levels of physical activity. Adults with a spinal cord injury who engaged in organized sports reported decreased depression and anxiety, increased life satisfaction, and increased opportunity for gainful employment compared with nonathletic persons with disabilities. General facilitators, regardless of age, were fitness, fun, health, competence, and social aspects, whereas overall barriers were lack of or inappropriate medical advice and facilities, decreased self-esteem, poor finances, dependency on others, and views held by others. The importance of this topic for further research is highlighted, and suggestions for future studies are proposed. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
PM&R
volume
7
issue
10
pages
1081 - 1088
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:25828205
  • wos:000363603000009
  • scopus:84945445882
ISSN
1934-1563
DOI
10.1016/j.pmrj.2015.03.019
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
25105de0-815f-45e2-b517-640cf5bff9e9 (old id 5360644)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25828205?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2015-05-07 19:02:27
date last changed
2017-09-10 03:07:40
@article{25105de0-815f-45e2-b517-640cf5bff9e9,
  abstract     = {Physical activity and exercise is the mainstay of chronic disease prevention and health maintenance for all people with and without a disability, and clear evidence exists of the benefits among various populations with neurologic disabilities. However, the potential benefits of organized sports for people with neurologic disabilities are not as well explored. In this narrative review, current evidence regarding the impact of organized sports on activity, participation, and quality of life in people with neurologic disabilities of all ages is summarized, and facilitators of and barriers to participation in sports for this population are discussed. The articles reviewed were divided into 2 sets: (1) children and adolescents and (2) adults. The subjects of almost all of the studies were persons with a spinal cord injury. Children and adolescents with a disability who engaged in sports reported self-concept scores close to those of able-bodied athletes, as well as higher levels of physical activity. Adults with a spinal cord injury who engaged in organized sports reported decreased depression and anxiety, increased life satisfaction, and increased opportunity for gainful employment compared with nonathletic persons with disabilities. General facilitators, regardless of age, were fitness, fun, health, competence, and social aspects, whereas overall barriers were lack of or inappropriate medical advice and facilities, decreased self-esteem, poor finances, dependency on others, and views held by others. The importance of this topic for further research is highlighted, and suggestions for future studies are proposed.},
  author       = {Sahlin, Barbara and Lexell, Jan},
  issn         = {1934-1563},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1081--1088},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {PM&R},
  title        = {Impact of Organized Sports on Activity, Participation, and Quality of Life in People With Neurologic Disabilities.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2015.03.019},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2015},
}