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Urmia Lake Watershed Restoration in Iran: Short- and Long-Term Perspectives

Khatami, Sina LU and Berndtsson, Ronny LU (2013) 6th International Perspective on Water Resources & the Environment conference (IPWE 2013) In [Host publication title missing]
Abstract
Urmia Lake (also known as Oroumieh Lake) is a shallow terminal lake located in northwest Iran and one of the largest permanent lakes in the Middle East. Due to its biodiversity it has been designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO and a National Park under the 1971 Ramsar Convention. At present, the entire lake’s watershed is threatened due to drought and abrupt decline of the lake’s water level and the consequent increase of salinity. The rapidly declining eco-environmental conditions have serious impacts on the socio-economy of the whole region. In this paper we review the environmental state of art and suggest measures to improve the lake’s ecology by short- and long-term restoration possibilities. There are indications that the... (More)
Urmia Lake (also known as Oroumieh Lake) is a shallow terminal lake located in northwest Iran and one of the largest permanent lakes in the Middle East. Due to its biodiversity it has been designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO and a National Park under the 1971 Ramsar Convention. At present, the entire lake’s watershed is threatened due to drought and abrupt decline of the lake’s water level and the consequent increase of salinity. The rapidly declining eco-environmental conditions have serious impacts on the socio-economy of the whole region. In this paper we review the environmental state of art and suggest measures to improve the lake’s ecology by short- and long-term restoration possibilities. There are indications that the hydrology of the area could be described by a chaotic climate and a low-dimensional dynamical system. However, also the human impact is strong due to mismanagement of water resources. It is concluded that a multidisciplinary integrated approach is needed to tackle the current critical situation. (Less)
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author
organization
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Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Urmia Lake, lake restoration, watershed restoration, watershed management, chaos, phase diagram, water resources, Middle East
in
[Host publication title missing]
publisher
Environmental & Water Resources Institute (EWRI) / American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
conference name
6th International Perspective on Water Resources & the Environment conference (IPWE 2013)
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6e5a276c-88dd-4e0a-8ded-79d29a77a2ca (old id 5364732)
date added to LUP
2015-05-04 13:19:00
date last changed
2016-04-16 07:25:10
@inproceedings{6e5a276c-88dd-4e0a-8ded-79d29a77a2ca,
  abstract     = {Urmia Lake (also known as Oroumieh Lake) is a shallow terminal lake located in northwest Iran and one of the largest permanent lakes in the Middle East. Due to its biodiversity it has been designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO and a National Park under the 1971 Ramsar Convention. At present, the entire lake’s watershed is threatened due to drought and abrupt decline of the lake’s water level and the consequent increase of salinity. The rapidly declining eco-environmental conditions have serious impacts on the socio-economy of the whole region. In this paper we review the environmental state of art and suggest measures to improve the lake’s ecology by short- and long-term restoration possibilities. There are indications that the hydrology of the area could be described by a chaotic climate and a low-dimensional dynamical system. However, also the human impact is strong due to mismanagement of water resources. It is concluded that a multidisciplinary integrated approach is needed to tackle the current critical situation.},
  author       = {Khatami, Sina and Berndtsson, Ronny},
  booktitle    = {[Host publication title missing]},
  keyword      = {Urmia Lake,lake restoration,watershed restoration,watershed management,chaos,phase diagram,water resources,Middle East},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Environmental & Water Resources Institute (EWRI) / American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)},
  title        = {Urmia Lake Watershed Restoration in Iran: Short- and Long-Term Perspectives},
  year         = {2013},
}