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The Potential of Using the Ion-Current Signal for Optimizing Engine Stability - Comparisons of Lean and EGR (Stoichiometric) Operation

Einewall, Patrik LU ; Tunestål, Per LU and Johansson, Bengt LU (2003) SAE 2003 World Congress and Exhibition 2003(1749).
Abstract
Ion current measurements can give information useful for controlling the combustion stability in a multi-cylinder engine. Operation near the dilution limit (air or EGR) can be achieved and it can be optimized individually for the cylinders, resulting in a system with better engine stability for highly diluted mixtures. This method will also compensate for engine wear, e.g., changes in volumetric efficiency and fuel injector characteristics. Especially in a port-injected engine, changes in fuel injector characteristics can lead to increased emissions and deteriorated engine performance when operating with a closed-loop lambda control system. One problem using the ion-current signal to control engine stability near the lean limit is the weak... (More)
Ion current measurements can give information useful for controlling the combustion stability in a multi-cylinder engine. Operation near the dilution limit (air or EGR) can be achieved and it can be optimized individually for the cylinders, resulting in a system with better engine stability for highly diluted mixtures. This method will also compensate for engine wear, e.g., changes in volumetric efficiency and fuel injector characteristics. Especially in a port-injected engine, changes in fuel injector characteristics can lead to increased emissions and deteriorated engine performance when operating with a closed-loop lambda control system. One problem using the ion-current signal to control engine stability near the lean limit is the weak signal resulting in low signal-to-noise ratio. Measurements presented in this paper were made on a turbocharged 9.6-liter, six-cylinder natural gas engine with port injection. Each cylinder was individually controlled by a cylinder control module (CCM). A high turbulence combustion chamber was used to be able to operate with highly diluted mixtures. Comparisons between lean and EGR (stoichiometric) operation were made to investigate the potential of using the ion-current signal to control engine stability (cylinder-to-cylinder and cycle-to-cycle variations). A much stronger ion-current signal was found with EGR compared to lean operation, for the same load and comparable emissions. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Spark Ignition, Control, CNG, Natural Gas, Ion Current
host publication
SAE Special Publications
volume
2003
issue
1749
article number
2003-01-0717
pages
13 pages
publisher
Society of Automotive Engineers
conference name
SAE 2003 World Congress and Exhibition
conference location
Detroit, Michigan, United States
conference dates
2003-03-03 - 2003-03-06
external identifiers
  • scopus:85072417432
ISSN
0099-5908
DOI
10.4271/2003-01-0717
project
Competence Centre for Combustion Processes
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b9a46bbd-73a5-4e63-8b57-b870723de48a (old id 538219)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 17:09:51
date last changed
2021-07-21 04:12:15
@inproceedings{b9a46bbd-73a5-4e63-8b57-b870723de48a,
  abstract     = {Ion current measurements can give information useful for controlling the combustion stability in a multi-cylinder engine. Operation near the dilution limit (air or EGR) can be achieved and it can be optimized individually for the cylinders, resulting in a system with better engine stability for highly diluted mixtures. This method will also compensate for engine wear, e.g., changes in volumetric efficiency and fuel injector characteristics. Especially in a port-injected engine, changes in fuel injector characteristics can lead to increased emissions and deteriorated engine performance when operating with a closed-loop lambda control system. One problem using the ion-current signal to control engine stability near the lean limit is the weak signal resulting in low signal-to-noise ratio. Measurements presented in this paper were made on a turbocharged 9.6-liter, six-cylinder natural gas engine with port injection. Each cylinder was individually controlled by a cylinder control module (CCM). A high turbulence combustion chamber was used to be able to operate with highly diluted mixtures. Comparisons between lean and EGR (stoichiometric) operation were made to investigate the potential of using the ion-current signal to control engine stability (cylinder-to-cylinder and cycle-to-cycle variations). A much stronger ion-current signal was found with EGR compared to lean operation, for the same load and comparable emissions.},
  author       = {Einewall, Patrik and Tunestål, Per and Johansson, Bengt},
  booktitle    = {SAE Special Publications},
  issn         = {0099-5908},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1749},
  publisher    = {Society of Automotive Engineers},
  title        = {The Potential of Using the Ion-Current Signal for Optimizing Engine Stability - Comparisons of Lean and EGR (Stoichiometric) Operation},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/4894476/625779.pdf},
  doi          = {10.4271/2003-01-0717},
  volume       = {2003},
  year         = {2003},
}